1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Psychotria L.
      1. Psychotria carthagenensis Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 2300 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, arbolito, árbol
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Psychotria carthagenensis Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Lombardi, J.A. [3427], Brazil K000265471
    Feb 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1017], Mato Grosso K000578176
    Feb 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1185], Mato Grosso K000578175
    Oct 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4288], Peru K000006633
    Oct 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4288], Peru K000006636
    Apr 1, 2000 Burchell [3678], Brazil K000174462
    Apr 1, 2000 Pohl [884], Brazil K000174460
    Apr 1, 2000 s.coll. [6805], Surinam K000174463 Unknown type material
    Apr 1, 2000 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000015415
    Apr 1, 2000 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000015416 isotype
    Apr 1, 2000 Riedel [349], Bahia K000015557 isolectotype
    Apr 1, 2000 Fosberg, F.R. [29251], Brazil K001199625
    Apr 1, 2000 Macrae [s.n.], Brazil K000174461
    Feb 1, 1999 Riedel [478], Bahia K000015527 isotype
    Jan 1, 1999 Boudet Fernandes, H. Q.Boone, W. [2908], Brazil K001200467
    Oct 1, 1998 Gardner [1965], Bahia K000016176
    Jan 1, 1998 Pirani, J.R. [2719], Brazil K000265223
    May 1, 1994 Araujo, G.M. [167], Brazil K001199676
    Harley, R.M. [18315], Bahia K000016163
    Harley, R.M. [11130], Brazil K001200420
    Harley, R.M. [PCD2827], Brazil K001200440
    Harley, R. [3117], Brazil K001200439
    Harley, R. [3117], Brazil K001200443
    Plowman, T. [2920], Brazil K001199630
    Hatschbach, G. [16312], Brazil K001199628
    Lindeman, J.C. [13459], Brazil K001199655
    Reitz [8639], Brazil K001199629
    Reitz [2380], Brazil K001199635
    Gardner [3223], Brazil K000174459
    Krapovickas, A. [39614], Brazil K001199661
    Pohl [838], Brazil K001199624
    Hassler, E. [3510], Paraguay K000174457
    Hassler, E. [1322], Paraguay K001200427
    Ratter, J.A. [5942], Brazil K001199639
    Ratter, J.A. [4533], Brazil K001199670
    Ratter, J.A. [7054], Brazil K001199671
    Giulietti, A.M. [2674], Brazil K001200437
    s.coll. [1091], Surinam K000174465
    Souza, V.C. [2563], Brazil K001199600
    Souza, V.C. [2115], Brazil K001199610
    Sakuragui, C.M. [15330], Brazil K001200454
    Pirani, J.R. [3475], Brazil K001199660
    Pirani, J.R. [2852], Brazil K001199665
    Pirani, J.R. [CFCR 8864], Brazil K001200447
    Furlan, A. [905], Brazil K001199607
    Furlan, A. [1023], Brazil K001199608
    Furlan, A. [1265], Brazil K001199609
    Vicentini, A. [1172], Brazil K001199621
    Blanchet [s.n.], Brazil K001199651
    Melo, E. [2921], Brazil K001200446
    Irwin, H.S. [27609], Brazil K001199612
    Barros, M. [2361], Brazil K001199669
    Heringer, E.P. [5828], Brazil K001199658
    Heringer, E.P. [3194], Brazil K001199659
    França, F. [3415], Brazil K001200438
    Farney, C. [4710], Brazil K001200431
    Krieger, P.L. [7698], Brazil K001200453
    Wright, C. [s.n.], Cuba K000174218
    Woodgyer, E. [2345], Brazil K001200435
    Woodgyer, E. [2345], Brazil K001200442
    Lhotsky [s.n.], Brazil K001199636
    Amorim, A.M.A. [7612], Brazil K001200478
    Amorim, A.M.A. [7102], Brazil K001200479
    Usteri, A. [209b], Brazil K001199647
    Fromm, E. [1319], Brazil K001199631
    Bridgewater, S. [501], Brazil K001199674
    Cervi, A.C. [7273], Brazil K001199666
    Cervi, A.C. [7223], Brazil K001199667
    Dubs, B. [1846], Brazil K001199672
    Dubs, B. [1933], Brazil K001199675
    Wanderley, M.G.L. [735], Brazil K001200494
    Riedel [633], Brazil K001199654
    Sello [1026], Brazil K001199772
    Dusén, P. [7372], Brazil K001199614
    Dusén, P. [17038], Brazil K001199616
    Miers, J. [3754], Brazil K001200403
    Miers, J. [3969], Brazil K001200405
    Seemann [605], Panama K001199653
    Lucas, E.J. [1010], Brazil K001200432
    Lucas, E.J. [1017], Brazil K001200433
    Lucas, E.J. [646], Brazil K001200448
    Lucas, E.J. [785], Brazil K001200458
    Graham [s.n.] K001199637
    Martii Herbar. Florae [608], Brazil K000174458 Unknown type material
    Focke [260], Surinam K000174464
    Moore, S. [439], Brazil K001200430
    Lorentz [s.n.], Argentina K001200404
    Klein, R. [1030], Brazil K001199634
    Heringer, E.P. et al [3398], Brazil K000265211
    Heringer, E.P. et al [3398], Brazil K000265212
    Hoehne, W. [5750], Brazil K001199664
    Hoehne, W. [5959], Brazil K001199681
    Weir, J. [99], Brazil K001199623
    Nunes, T. S. et al. [760], Bahia K000265116
    Nakajima, J.N. [123], Brazil K001199679
    Romero, R. [399], Brazil K001199603
    Paixão, J.L. [1233], Brazil K001200434
    Paixão, J.L. [1156], Brazil K001200441
    Paixão, J.L. [1233], Brazil K001200444
    Pires, J.M. [48906], Brazil K001199656
    Williams, L.O. [7606], Brazil K001199613
    Mattos, L.A. [412], Brazil K001200436
    Silva, F.C. [294], Brazil K001199626
    Kirkbride, J.H. Jr. [3768], Brazil K001199657
    Forzza, R.C. [2073], Brazil K001200449
    Forzza, R.C. [4925], Brazil K001200477
    Thomas, W.W. [9287], Brazil K001200475
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001199615
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001199643
    Prance, G.T. [7801], Brazil K001199627
    Prance, G.T. [59674], Brazil K001200418
    Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001199646
    Thomaz, L.D. [977], Brazil K001200455
    Thomaz, L.D. [973], Brazil K001200466
    Thomaz, L.D. [1578], Brazil K001200485
    Assis, V. [164], Brazil K001200429
    Kollmann, L. [98736], Brazil K001200421
    Kollmann, L. [1523], Brazil K001200456
    Kollmann, L. [196], Brazil K001200457
    Kollmann, L. [176], Brazil K001200461
    Kollmann, L. [1777], Brazil K001200468
    Kollmann, L. [1522], Brazil K001200471
    Kollmann, L. [1760], Brazil K001200472
    Kollmann, L. [1084], Brazil K001200473
    Kollmann, L. [1922], Brazil K001200481
    Kollmann, L. [2480], Brazil K001200482
    Kollmann, L. [325], Brazil K001200483
    Delprete, P.G. [9164], Brazil K001199632
    Melo, M.M.R.F. [617], Brazil K001200495
    Castro, R.M. [247], Brazil K001200450
    Mexia, Y. [4709], Brazil K001199633
    Mexia, Y. [5052], Brazil K001199644
    Silva Neto, S.J. [760], Brazil K001200476
    Glaziou, A. [14905], Brazil K001200428
    Zappi, D. [429], Brazil K001200459
    Zappi, D. [472], Brazil K001200460
    Barreto, K.D. [1378], Brazil K001199601
    Barreto, K.D. [1522], Brazil K001199605
    Gomes, J.M.L. [1173], Brazil K001200464
    Ivanauskas, N.M. [78], Brazil K001199606
    Barros, F. [1675], Brazil K001200493
    Barros, F. [1148], Brazil K001200496
    Barros, F. [1036], Brazil K001200497
    Barros, F. [1685], Brazil K001200498
    Hoffmann, W.A. [105], Brazil K001200465
    Prado, C.A. [51], Brazil K001199680
    Melo, M.M.F. [653], Brazil K001200491
    Delprete, P. [6754], Brazil K001200423
    Delprete, P. [6855], Brazil K001200424
    Almeida, S. [711], Brazil K001199668
    Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [34], Brazil K001199682
    Souza, M.C. [522], Brazil K001200474
    Miranda, E.B. [158], Brazil K001200445
    Miers [s.n.], Brazil K001199649
    Miers [3754], Brazil K001199650
    Miers [3969], Brazil K001200408
    Skorupa, L.A. [154], Brazil K001199663
    Leitão, H.F. [10766], Brazil K001200417
    Leitão, H.F. [11849], Brazil K001200419
    Gardner [3229], Brazil K001199638
    Gardner [3223], Brazil K001199640
    Schiavini, I. [2799], Brazil K001199677
    Schiavini, I. [237], Brazil K001199678
    Árbocz, G.F. [3005], Brazil K001199673
    Salimena, F.R.G. [s.n.], Brazil K001199684
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1804], Brazil K001200462
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1528], Brazil K001200463
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2379], Brazil K001200484
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2393], Brazil K001200487
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001199622
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001199652
    s.coll. [837], Brazil K001200407
    Burchell [5052], Brazil K001199641
    Burchell [6060], Brazil K001200401
    Burchell [6060], Brazil K001200402
    Burchell [2691], Brazil K001200406
    Burchell [1228], Brazil K001200409
    Burchell [6518], Brazil K001200410
    Burchell [1511], Brazil K001200411
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001200412
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001200413
    Burchell [2966], Brazil K001200414
    Burchell [1186], Brazil K001200415
    Burchell [1186], Brazil K001200426
    Martius [113], Brazil K001199648
    Tweedie [90], Brazil K001199645
    Glaziou [9882], Brazil K001199642
    Rodrigues, I.A. [121], Brazil K001200425
    Gandolfi, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001199602
    Magnago, L. [889], Brazil K001200480
    Meireles, L.D. [31074], Brazil K001200451
    Rodrigues, I.D. [64], Brazil K001200469
    Rodrigues, I.D. [151], Brazil K001200470
    Carvalho, M.L.S. [259], Brazil K001199617
    Carvalho, M.L.S. [81], Brazil K001199620
    Bedore, A.G. [11], Brazil K001212211
    Vimercat, J.M. [339], Brazil K001200488
    Coelho, F.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001199604
    Fonseca, R.C.B. [1], Brazil K001199611
    Teixeira, A.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001199618
    Teixeira, A.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001199619
    Ono, M. [3416], Brazil K001199662
    Essoe [s.n.], Brazil K001199683
    Jonsson [764], Brazil K001200416
    Kriege, L. [CESJ/21440], Brazil K001200452
    Thomas, L.D. [1578], Brazil K001200486
    Fernandes, H.D. [2406], Brazil K001200489
    Luchi, A.E. [138], Brazil K001200490
    Luchi, A.E. [123], Brazil K001200492
    Wright, C. [2751], Cuba Psychotria sagrana K000174261
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4350], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006632
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006634
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006635
    Bang, M. [1675], Bolivia Psychotria pallescens K000432926
    Bang, M. [1675], Bolivia Psychotria pallescens K000432927

    First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 16 (1760)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Marques de Paiva, A. & Lopes, R.C. (2013). Rubiaceae na área de proteção ambiental palares, Paty do Alferes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Pesquisas: Botanica 64: 39-64.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • de Socorro Pereira, M. & de Vasconcellos Barbosa, M.R. (2006). A família Rubiaceae na reserva biológica Guaribas, Paraíba, Brasil. Subfamília Rubioideae Acta Botanica Brasilica 20: 455-470.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0