1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Psychotria L.
      1. Psychotria carthagenensis Jacq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Psychotria carthagenensis Jacq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Lombardi, J.A. [3427], Brazil K000265471
    Feb 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1017], Mato Grosso K000578176
    Feb 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1185], Mato Grosso K000578175
    Oct 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4288], Peru K000006633
    Oct 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4288], Peru K000006636
    Apr 1, 2000 Burchell [3678], Brazil K000174462
    Apr 1, 2000 Pohl [884], Brazil K000174460
    Apr 1, 2000 s.coll. [6805], Surinam K000174463 Unknown type material
    Apr 1, 2000 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000015415
    Apr 1, 2000 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000015416 isotype
    Apr 1, 2000 Riedel [349], Bahia K000015557 isolectotype
    Apr 1, 2000 Fosberg, F.R. [29251], Brazil K001199625
    Apr 1, 2000 Macrae [s.n.], Brazil K000174461
    Feb 1, 1999 Riedel [478], Bahia K000015527 isotype
    Jan 1, 1999 Boudet Fernandes, H. Q.Boone, W. [2908], Brazil K001200467
    Oct 1, 1998 Gardner [1965], Bahia K000016176
    Jan 1, 1998 Pirani, J.R. [2719], Brazil K000265223
    May 1, 1994 Araujo, G.M. [167], Brazil K001199676
    Harley, R.M. [18315], Bahia K000016163
    Harley, R.M. [11130], Brazil K001200420
    Harley, R.M. [PCD2827], Brazil K001200440
    Harley, R. [3117], Brazil K001200439
    Harley, R. [3117], Brazil K001200443
    Plowman, T. [2920], Brazil K001199630
    Hatschbach, G. [16312], Brazil K001199628
    Lindeman, J.C. [13459], Brazil K001199655
    Reitz [8639], Brazil K001199629
    Reitz [2380], Brazil K001199635
    Gardner [3223], Brazil K000174459
    Krapovickas, A. [39614], Brazil K001199661
    Pohl [838], Brazil K001199624
    Hassler, E. [3510], Paraguay K000174457
    Hassler, E. [1322], Paraguay K001200427
    Ratter, J.A. [5942], Brazil K001199639
    Ratter, J.A. [4533], Brazil K001199670
    Ratter, J.A. [7054], Brazil K001199671
    Giulietti, A.M. [2674], Brazil K001200437
    s.coll. [1091], Surinam K000174465
    Souza, V.C. [2563], Brazil K001199600
    Souza, V.C. [2115], Brazil K001199610
    Sakuragui, C.M. [15330], Brazil K001200454
    Pirani, J.R. [3475], Brazil K001199660
    Pirani, J.R. [2852], Brazil K001199665
    Pirani, J.R. [CFCR 8864], Brazil K001200447
    Furlan, A. [905], Brazil K001199607
    Furlan, A. [1023], Brazil K001199608
    Furlan, A. [1265], Brazil K001199609
    Vicentini, A. [1172], Brazil K001199621
    Blanchet [s.n.], Brazil K001199651
    Melo, E. [2921], Brazil K001200446
    Irwin, H.S. [27609], Brazil K001199612
    Barros, M. [2361], Brazil K001199669
    Heringer, E.P. [5828], Brazil K001199658
    Heringer, E.P. [3194], Brazil K001199659
    França, F. [3415], Brazil K001200438
    Farney, C. [4710], Brazil K001200431
    Krieger, P.L. [7698], Brazil K001200453
    Wright, C. [s.n.], Cuba K000174218
    Woodgyer, E. [2345], Brazil K001200435
    Woodgyer, E. [2345], Brazil K001200442
    Lhotsky [s.n.], Brazil K001199636
    Amorim, A.M.A. [7612], Brazil K001200478
    Amorim, A.M.A. [7102], Brazil K001200479
    Usteri, A. [209b], Brazil K001199647
    Fromm, E. [1319], Brazil K001199631
    Bridgewater, S. [501], Brazil K001199674
    Cervi, A.C. [7273], Brazil K001199666
    Cervi, A.C. [7223], Brazil K001199667
    Dubs, B. [1846], Brazil K001199672
    Dubs, B. [1933], Brazil K001199675
    Wanderley, M.G.L. [735], Brazil K001200494
    Riedel [633], Brazil K001199654
    Sello [1026], Brazil K001199772
    Dusén, P. [7372], Brazil K001199614
    Dusén, P. [17038], Brazil K001199616
    Miers, J. [3754], Brazil K001200403
    Miers, J. [3969], Brazil K001200405
    Seemann [605], Panama K001199653
    Lucas, E.J. [1010], Brazil K001200432
    Lucas, E.J. [1017], Brazil K001200433
    Lucas, E.J. [646], Brazil K001200448
    Lucas, E.J. [785], Brazil K001200458
    Graham [s.n.] K001199637
    Martii Herbar. Florae [608], Brazil K000174458 Unknown type material
    Focke [260], Surinam K000174464
    Moore, S. [439], Brazil K001200430
    Lorentz [s.n.], Argentina K001200404
    Klein, R. [1030], Brazil K001199634
    Heringer, E.P. et al [3398], Brazil K000265211
    Heringer, E.P. et al [3398], Brazil K000265212
    Hoehne, W. [5750], Brazil K001199664
    Hoehne, W. [5959], Brazil K001199681
    Weir, J. [99], Brazil K001199623
    Nunes, T. S. et al. [760], Bahia K000265116
    Nakajima, J.N. [123], Brazil K001199679
    Romero, R. [399], Brazil K001199603
    Paixão, J.L. [1233], Brazil K001200434
    Paixão, J.L. [1156], Brazil K001200441
    Paixão, J.L. [1233], Brazil K001200444
    Pires, J.M. [48906], Brazil K001199656
    Williams, L.O. [7606], Brazil K001199613
    Mattos, L.A. [412], Brazil K001200436
    Silva, F.C. [294], Brazil K001199626
    Kirkbride, J.H. Jr. [3768], Brazil K001199657
    Forzza, R.C. [2073], Brazil K001200449
    Forzza, R.C. [4925], Brazil K001200477
    Thomas, W.W. [9287], Brazil K001200475
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001199615
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001199643
    Prance, G.T. [7801], Brazil K001199627
    Prance, G.T. [59674], Brazil K001200418
    Boog [s.n.], Brazil K001199646
    Thomaz, L.D. [977], Brazil K001200455
    Thomaz, L.D. [973], Brazil K001200466
    Thomaz, L.D. [1578], Brazil K001200485
    Assis, V. [164], Brazil K001200429
    Kollmann, L. [98736], Brazil K001200421
    Kollmann, L. [1523], Brazil K001200456
    Kollmann, L. [196], Brazil K001200457
    Kollmann, L. [176], Brazil K001200461
    Kollmann, L. [1777], Brazil K001200468
    Kollmann, L. [1522], Brazil K001200471
    Kollmann, L. [1760], Brazil K001200472
    Kollmann, L. [1084], Brazil K001200473
    Kollmann, L. [1922], Brazil K001200481
    Kollmann, L. [2480], Brazil K001200482
    Kollmann, L. [325], Brazil K001200483
    Delprete, P.G. [9164], Brazil K001199632
    Melo, M.M.R.F. [617], Brazil K001200495
    Castro, R.M. [247], Brazil K001200450
    Mexia, Y. [4709], Brazil K001199633
    Mexia, Y. [5052], Brazil K001199644
    Silva Neto, S.J. [760], Brazil K001200476
    Glaziou, A. [14905], Brazil K001200428
    Zappi, D. [429], Brazil K001200459
    Zappi, D. [472], Brazil K001200460
    Barreto, K.D. [1378], Brazil K001199601
    Barreto, K.D. [1522], Brazil K001199605
    Gomes, J.M.L. [1173], Brazil K001200464
    Ivanauskas, N.M. [78], Brazil K001199606
    Barros, F. [1675], Brazil K001200493
    Barros, F. [1148], Brazil K001200496
    Barros, F. [1036], Brazil K001200497
    Barros, F. [1685], Brazil K001200498
    Hoffmann, W.A. [105], Brazil K001200465
    Prado, C.A. [51], Brazil K001199680
    Melo, M.M.F. [653], Brazil K001200491
    Delprete, P. [6754], Brazil K001200423
    Delprete, P. [6855], Brazil K001200424
    Almeida, S. [711], Brazil K001199668
    Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [34], Brazil K001199682
    Souza, M.C. [522], Brazil K001200474
    Miranda, E.B. [158], Brazil K001200445
    Miers [s.n.], Brazil K001199649
    Miers [3754], Brazil K001199650
    Miers [3969], Brazil K001200408
    Skorupa, L.A. [154], Brazil K001199663
    Leitão, H.F. [10766], Brazil K001200417
    Leitão, H.F. [11849], Brazil K001200419
    Gardner [3229], Brazil K001199638
    Gardner [3223], Brazil K001199640
    Schiavini, I. [2799], Brazil K001199677
    Schiavini, I. [237], Brazil K001199678
    Árbocz, G.F. [3005], Brazil K001199673
    Salimena, F.R.G. [s.n.], Brazil K001199684
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1804], Brazil K001200462
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1528], Brazil K001200463
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2379], Brazil K001200484
    Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2393], Brazil K001200487
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001199622
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001199652
    s.coll. [837], Brazil K001200407
    Burchell [5052], Brazil K001199641
    Burchell [6060], Brazil K001200401
    Burchell [6060], Brazil K001200402
    Burchell [2691], Brazil K001200406
    Burchell [1228], Brazil K001200409
    Burchell [6518], Brazil K001200410
    Burchell [1511], Brazil K001200411
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001200412
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001200413
    Burchell [2966], Brazil K001200414
    Burchell [1186], Brazil K001200415
    Burchell [1186], Brazil K001200426
    Martius [113], Brazil K001199648
    Tweedie [90], Brazil K001199645
    Glaziou [9882], Brazil K001199642
    Rodrigues, I.A. [121], Brazil K001200425
    Gandolfi, S. [s.n.], Brazil K001199602
    Magnago, L. [889], Brazil K001200480
    Meireles, L.D. [31074], Brazil K001200451
    Rodrigues, I.D. [64], Brazil K001200469
    Rodrigues, I.D. [151], Brazil K001200470
    Carvalho, M.L.S. [259], Brazil K001199617
    Carvalho, M.L.S. [81], Brazil K001199620
    Bedore, A.G. [11], Brazil K001212211
    Vimercat, J.M. [339], Brazil K001200488
    Coelho, F.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001199604
    Fonseca, R.C.B. [1], Brazil K001199611
    Teixeira, A.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001199618
    Teixeira, A.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001199619
    Ono, M. [3416], Brazil K001199662
    Essoe [s.n.], Brazil K001199683
    Jonsson [764], Brazil K001200416
    Kriege, L. [CESJ/21440], Brazil K001200452
    Thomas, L.D. [1578], Brazil K001200486
    Fernandes, H.D. [2406], Brazil K001200489
    Luchi, A.E. [138], Brazil K001200490
    Luchi, A.E. [123], Brazil K001200492
    Wright, C. [2751], Cuba Psychotria sagrana K000174261
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [4350], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006632
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006634
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Peru Psychotria foveolata K000006635
    Bang, M. [1675], Bolivia Psychotria pallescens K000432926
    Bang, M. [1675], Bolivia Psychotria pallescens K000432927

    First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 16 (1760)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Marques de Paiva, A. & Lopes, R.C. (2013). Rubiaceae na área de proteção ambiental palares, Paty do Alferes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Pesquisas: Botanica 64: 39-64.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • de Socorro Pereira, M. & de Vasconcellos Barbosa, M.R. (2006). A família Rubiaceae na reserva biológica Guaribas, Paraíba, Brasil. Subfamília Rubioideae Acta Botanica Brasilica 20: 455-470.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Borhidi, A. (2006). Rubiáceas de México: 1-512. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0