Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Arabian Peninsula and Tanzania.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae, E.A. Omino. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 2–many-branched, 0.4–6 m high; trunk sometimes bulbous at the extreme base, up to 1 m in diameter (to 2 m elsewhere), bark grey, smooth.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile to sub-petiolate; blade obovate to linear, 3–12(–17) cm long, 0.2–6 cm wide, rounded and mucronate or emarginate at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent to glabrous; petiole 0–4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 1–2.5 cm long, in dense terminal cymes; bracts linear to narrowly oblong, 3–8 mm long; pedicels 5–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with sepals 0.5–1.1 mm long, pubescent; corolla pink to red; tube reddish pink to white suffused with pink, sometimes with red stripes within the throat, 20–50 mm long, 9–17 mm wide, inside with velutinous glandular hairs on the main veins; lobes 9–30 mm long, 5–25 mm wide, apiculate to mucronate; corona 3–5 mm long; stamens barely included or exserted; pistil 11–20 mm long; pistil head 1–1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit grey to pale grey-brown, sometimes fringed with pink, 11–22 cm long, 0.9–2 cm wide; seeds 10–14 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, with tuft of hairs 25–35 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 23 (p. 68).
Habitat
Dry bushland, semi-desert scrub, dry woodland and wooded grassland; 0–1200 m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 Z Senegal and Mali to Chad and Sudan, Ethiopia and SomaliaSaudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Socotra

[FWTA]

Apocynaceae, H. Huber. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect shrub 4-6 ft, high, with a stout almost conical trunk and smooth, fleshy branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rather large, pink to purple, campanulate, 11/2-21/2 in.long in short, subsessile, terminal cymes, appearing before or with the leaves
Ecology
In drier parts of our area and often grown for ornament.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 0.4–5 m tall, with a thick stem
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades obovate to linear, 3–17 x 0.2–5 cm, acute to emarginate and apiculate at the apex, pubescent to glabrous, flat or wavy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences few- to several-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 5–11 x 2–3 mm, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink to red; tube 2–4.5 cm long; lobes 0.9–2.8 cm long, apiculate, sparsely and minutely pubescent outside, glabrous to appressed pubescent inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers with long hairy appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 11–22 x 0.9–2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1–1.4 cm long, with dirty white hair tufts.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3 Socotra, Ethiopia to West Africa, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, and on the Arabian peninsula.
Ecology
Altitude range 20–700 m.
Vernacular
Aberta ha, bariwain, goraat, habartiaye, ombo gaduud, oombe, oonbu, umbei (Somali)

>

[FSOM]
Use
The plant contains very toxic cardiac glycosides and has been used, for example, in arrow poison.

Native to:

Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen

Introduced into:

Society Is.

Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1980 Latilo, M.G. [s.n.], Nigeria K000453019
Jan 1, 1980 Dalziel, J.M. [97], Nigeria K000453012
Jan 1, 1980 Dalziel, J.M. [430], Nigeria K000453015
Jan 1, 1980 Hepper, F.N. [1609], Cameroon K000453018
Jan 1, 1980 Lely, H.V. [188], Nigeria K000453010
Jan 1, 1980 Lamb, P.H. [46], Nigeria K000453013
Jan 1, 1980 Balfour, I.B. [139], Socotra K000234120
Jan 1, 1980 Balfour, I.B. [695], Socotra K000234121
Jan 1, 1980 Balfour, I.B. [174], Socotra K000234122
Jan 1, 1980 Schweinfurth, G. [245], Socotra K000234123
Jan 1, 1980 McClintock, A. [141], Nigeria K000453020
Jan 1, 1980 Ejiofor, M.C. [s.n.], Nigeria K000453017
Jan 1, 1980 Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K000453014
Jan 1, 1980 Santo, E. [2364], Guinea-Bissau K000453006
Jan 1, 1980 Hagerup, O. [669], Nigeria K000453011
Jan 1, 1980 Barter, C. [711], Nigeria K000453016
Jan 1, 1980 Edith Cole [s.n.], Somalia K000234124
Jan 1, 1980 Speke [766], Uganda K000234119
Jan 1, 1980 Heudelot [s.n.], Senegal K000453004
Jan 1, 1980 Playfair [3], Somalia K000234125 holotype
Jan 1, 1980 Chevalier, A.J.B. [26034], Senegal K000453001
Jan 1, 1980 Chevalier, A.J.B. [530], Mali K000453008
Jan 1, 1980 s.coll. [s.n.], Senegal K000453002
Jan 1, 1980 s.coll. [133], Senegal K000453003
Jan 1, 1980 Ekwuno, P.O. [347], Nigeria K000453009
Jan 1, 1980 Orey, J. [310], Guinea-Bissau K000453007
Nader, I.A. [308], Saudi Arabia 43834.000
Kotschy [399], Ethiopia K000234127
Speke [s.n.], Tanzania K000234118
Yeates, M.N.D.B. [15], Mali K000453005
Adenium coetaneum 15255.000
Bally, P.R.O. Adenium somalense 5092.000
McClintock [141], Cameroon Adenium honghel 6403.000
Kotschy [399], Ethiopia Adenium honghel K000234126

First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4: 411 (1819)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud-Guin. 445, t. 97, 7-10
  • M. Pichon in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, n. sér. B, 1: 78 (1950).
  • Syst. 4: 411 (1819)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

Flora of Somalia

  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 172 (1994).
  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 475, ill., map (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: 142, t. 279 (1987).
  • Plaizier in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool 80 (12): 13 (1980).
  • Verdcourt & Trump, Comm. Poison. Pl. E. Afr.: 129 (1969).
  • Codd in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 279 (1963).
  • Huber in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 76, t. 217 (1963).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 44 (1961).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 106 (1949).
  • Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. 4 (35): 411 (1819).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/