1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Rubia L.
      1. Rubia cordifolia L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Greece, Sudan to S. Africa, Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Scrambling, climbing or creeping plant, less often tussock-forming, with branched stems 0.3–6 m. long; stems brittle, with quite strong curved prickles on the 4 ribs and either pubescent all over or at least with hairs beneath the nodes; roots usually quite woody, containing a red dye.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 4(–8) or sometimes paired; blades lanceolate to broadly ovate, 0.7–8.5 cm. long, 0.2–4.2 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, rounded to cordate at the base, scabrid pubescent above, glabrescent to often densely covered with long white hairs beneath at least when young, margins often with curved prickles, 5–7-nerved from the base, the nerves sometimes with scattered curved prickles beneath; petioles 0.8–1.5 cm. long, with recurved prickles and often pubescent as well.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually numerous, scattered along the stem, fairly lax to rather dense, 0.5–2.5 cm. long; peduncles 1–2.5 cm. long; pedicels 0.2–6 mm. long; bracts elliptic, 1.2–1.5 mm. long, 0.3–0.4 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Flowers glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube (0.25–)0.5–0.8 mm. long and 0.8–1.4 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellowish, green, greenish cream or greenish yellow, often pink- or purple-tipped in bud, 4–6 mm. wide; tube 0.2–0.8 mm. long; lobes usually triangular, 1.5–3 mm. long, 0.6–1.3 mm. wide, apiculate, margins minutely papillate.
    Fruits
    Fruit glabrous, brownish black; lobes globose, 2.5–5 mm. in diameter; pyrenes globose, 3 mm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds globose, 1.2–2.9 mm. in diameter.
    Distribution
    Greece, N. Africa, Siberia, Manchuria, China, Japan, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, India, Vietnam, Sumatra, Borneo, E., central and S. Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Hainan, Philippines

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Amur, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East Himalaya, Free State, Greece, India, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Malaya, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Primorye, Qinghai, Rwanda, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rubia cordifolia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6209], Nepal K001123307
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6209], India K001123309
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6209], Myanmar K001123313
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6209] K001123308
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6209], India K001123310
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6209] K001123312
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6209] K001123306
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6209] K001123305
    Noton, E. [Cat. no. 6209], India K001123311

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 12: 229 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Denisov, N. (2008). Addition to Vascular flora of the Kozlov island (Peter the Great Gulf, Japanese sea) Turczaninowia 11(4): 29-42.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Ehrendorfer, F., Schönbeck-Temesy, E., Puff, C. & Rechinger, W. (2005). Rubiaceae Flora Iranica 176: 1-287. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 412, fig. (1974).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda, ed. 2: 166, fig. 107 (1972).
    • Pojark. in Fl. U.R.S.S. 23: 387 (1958).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 61, fig. 51 (1948).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 395 (1895).
    • Hook., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 202 (1881).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 244 (1877).
    • Sond. in Harv. & Sond., Fl. Cap. 3: 35 (1864).
    • DC., Prodr. 4: 588 (1830).
    • L. in Mantissa Altera: 197 (1771).
    • L., Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 3 (app.): 229 (1768)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0