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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce alata Aubl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to N. South America and W. Brazil.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 60 - 2040 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce alata Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2014 Santos, T.S. [3651], Bahia K000016451
    Feb 1, 2014 Irwin, H.S. [26960], Brazil K001068328
    Feb 1, 2014 Prance, G.T. [7724], Brazil K001068331
    Jan 1, 2014 Harley, R.M. [10431], Brazil K001060164
    Jan 1, 2014 Harley, R.M. [11247], Brazil K001060219
    Jan 1, 2014 Harley, R.M. [11248], Brazil K001060211
    Jan 1, 2014 Philcox, D. [4857], Brazil K001060209
    Jan 1, 2014 Milliken, W. [425], Brazil K001060170
    Jan 1, 2014 Onishi, E. [497/1276], Brazil K001060201
    Jan 1, 2014 Ramos, J. [120], Brazil K001060210
    Jan 1, 2014 Ramos, J. [167], Brazil K001060213
    Jan 1, 2014 Sucre, D. [2516], Brazil K001060200
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [827], Brazil K001060163
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [364], Brazil K001060171
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [R 1405], Brazil K001060199
    Jan 1, 2014 Giulietti, A.M. [6398], Brazil K001060215
    Jan 1, 2014 Schomburgk [864], Brazil K001060174
    Jan 1, 2014 Schomburgk [864], Brazil K001060175
    Jan 1, 2014 Ule, E. [8977], Brazil K001060190
    Jan 1, 2014 Heringer, E.P. [17250], Brazil K001060195
    Jan 1, 2014 Eiten, G. [9680], Brazil K001060197
    Jan 1, 2014 Eiten, G. [9175], Brazil K001060198
    Jan 1, 2014 Eiten, G. [2738], Brazil K001060205
    Jan 1, 2014 Walter, B.M.T. [3062], Brazil K001060214
    Jan 1, 2014 Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001060203
    Jan 1, 2014 Riedel [448], Brazil K001060194
    Jan 1, 2014 Archer, W.A. [7774], Brazil K001060180
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [8670], Brazil K001060178
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [8670], Brazil K001060185
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [8664-2], Brazil K001060189
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [3458], Brazil K001060184
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [9246], Brazil K001060186
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [4084], Brazil K001060188
    Jan 1, 2014 Baker, C.F. [15], Brazil K001060191
    Jan 1, 2014 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001060187
    Jan 1, 2014 Santos, R.R. [1643], Brazil K001060206
    Jan 1, 2014 Santos, R.R. [1226], Brazil K001060212
    Jan 1, 2014 Plowman, T.C. [12072], Brazil K001060216
    Jan 1, 2014 Kirkbride, J.H. Jr. [3064], Brazil K001060217
    Jan 1, 2014 Kirkbride, J.H. Jr. [2794], Brazil K001060220
    Jan 1, 2014 Prance, G.T. [7724], Brazil K001060202
    Jan 1, 2014 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4611], Brazil K001060169
    Jan 1, 2014 Mimura, I. [499], Brazil K001060196
    Jan 1, 2014 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3020], Vietnam K000174718
    Jan 1, 2014 Duarte, K. [s.n.], Brazil K001060172
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner [3786], Brazil K001060179
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner [3778], Brazil K001060182
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner [3781], Brazil K001060183
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell [9388], Brazil K001060165
    Jan 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001060193
    Jan 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001060204
    Jan 1, 2014 Accorsi, W.R. [s.n.], Brazil K001060166
    Jan 1, 2014 Trail, J.W. [436], Brazil K001060167
    Jan 1, 2014 Trail, J.W. [436], Brazil K001060113
    Jan 1, 2014 Baker, D.F. [34], Brazil K001060192
    Burchell [6126], Brazil K000470332
    Pohl [780], Brazil K000470333 Unknown type material
    Miquel [s.n.], Suriname K000470334
    Arbrainsyah [AA 1918], Kalimantan K000172998
    Focke [s.n.], Suriname K000470336
    Ravi, N. [4655/68], Kerala K000772205 isotype
    Ravi, N. [4655/68], Kerala K000031840
    Hostmann, F.W. [8], Suriname K000470335
    Prance, G.T. [1776], Brazil K001060176
    Argent, G.C.G. [6648], Brazil K001060208
    Hamilton, W.D. [231], Brazil K001060177
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10924], Brazil K001060207
    Kollmann, L.J.C. [2328], Brazil K001068330
    Burchell [2311], Brazil K001060168
    Burchell [4258], Brazil K001060181
    J.M.L. [893], Brazil K001060218

    Bibliography

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 60 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Wiersema, J.H. & al. (2017). A new weed in Florida, Spermacoce latifolia and the distinction between S. alata and S. latifolia (Spermacoceae, Rubiaceae) Castanea 82: 114-131.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/