Skip to main content
  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce filituba (K.Schum.) Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Branched annual herb 12–60 cm. tall, with a ± simple root; stem obscurely 4-ribbed, covered with ± spreading white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly elliptic-lanceolate to narrowly ovate-lanceolate, 1.4–5.6 cm. long, 2.5–8.5 mm. wide, acute at the apex, often widened and rounded at the base, the petioles forming a sheath with the stipules, with scattered longer hairs on both surfaces and also with short stiff ones along the margins, sometimes saw-edged; stipules chestnut-brown; base 2–3 mm. long, hairy, bearing 8–10 filiform setae 6–9 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary verticillate clusters scattered along the length of the stems and crowded towards the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube conic or ellipsoid, 1.8 mm. long, hairy; lobes 2, lanceolate, 2–3.5 mm. long, 0.6–0.8 mm. wide, with stiff hairs along the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube very narrowly cylindrical, (0.5–)1–1.2 cm. long, glabrous; lobes elliptic-lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, 2–2.2 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, with spreading white hairs outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments exserted 1.5 mm.
    Pistil
    Style 1.2 cm. long, exserted about 2 mm.; stigma capitate, 0.4 mm. wide, hairy.
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid, 2.2–3 mm. long, finely transversely wrinkled, hairy, each half bearing a persistent calyx-lobe.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, ellipsoid-oblong, 1.8–2.3 mm. long, 1.1 mm. wide, 0.7–0.8 mm. thick, shiny, convex dorsally, with a narrow median groove packed with rhapides ventrally, the surface reticulation very obscure even at high power magnification.
    Figures
    Fig. 49/3, p. 340.
    Habitat
    Grassland with scattered trees and shrubs particularly Commiphora and Acacia, sea-shore bushland on sand, also in plantations, coconut groves, etc.; 0–600 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce filituba (K.Schum.) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1974 Peter, A. [56187], Tanzania K000284518
    Sep 1, 1974 Peter, A. [56148], Tanzania K000284519
    Sep 1, 1974 Peter, A. [56191], Tanzania K000284520
    May 1, 1974 Peter, A. [55824], Tanzania K000284522
    Jan 1, 1974 Gillett, J.B. [20636], Kenya K000284542
    Dec 1, 1963 Bally, P.R.O. [6126], Kenya K000284529
    Greenway, P.J. [9772], Kenya K000284534
    Gillett, J.B. [13350], Kenya K000284528
    Gillett, J.B. [20394], Kenya K000284531
    Drummond, R.B. [3632], Tanzania K000284517
    Gilbert, M.G. [1653], Kenya K000284544
    Graham, R.M. [1629], Kenya K000284533
    Graham, R.M. [2105], Kenya K000284537
    Graham, R.M. [2105], Kenya K000284538
    Faulkner, H. [804], Tanzania K000284515
    Faulkner, H. [2168], Tanzania K000284516
    Faulkner, H. [4767], Tanzania K000284521
    Robertson, S.A. [6279], Kenya K000284540
    Rawlins, S.P. [287], Kenya K000284523
    Rawlins, S.P. [793], Kenya K000284526
    Rawlins, S.P. [407], Kenya K000284530
    Faden, R.B. [1125], Kenya K000284545
    Hooper, S.S. [1173], Kenya K000284543
    Luke [2593], Kenya K000284539
    Polhill, R.M. [550], Kenya K000284541
    Holst, C. [2999], Tanzania K000284514
    Whyte, A. [30], Kenya K000284524
    Magogo, F.C. [1203], Kenya K000284532
    Kassner, T. [228], Kenya K000284527
    Geilinger, W. [680], Tanzania K000284513
    Thomas, F. [213], Kenya K000311691 isotype
    Wakefield, T.G. [s.n.], Kenya K000284535
    Wakefield, T.G. [s.n.], Kenya K000284536
    Ruellia, D. [s.n.], Kenya K000284525

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 30: 302 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 30: 302 (1975).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0