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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce hepperiana Verdc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Herb 0.3–1.2 m. tall; stems decumbent at the base but ± strictly erect above and practically unbranched, drying purplish or brownish, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades lanceolate, 4–15 cm. long, 0.2–9(–2.1) cm. wide, narrowed to an acute apex and to the sheathing stipules; upper surface, particularly near the margins, with very short strongly scabrous emergences, glabrous beneath; stipules forming a sheath closely adhering to the stem at flowerless nodes, the sheath cylindrical, 8–9 mm. long with 3 unequal setae 3–6 mm. long, but at flowering nodes the stipules are stretched and funnel-shaped.
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary verticillate few—many-flowered clusters, mainly at the top 2–3 nodes; filiform bracteoles 3.5 mm. long, joined at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ovoid, 1.2 mm. long; lobes 4, linear-lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm. long, minutely scabrid along the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellowish or tinged mauve; tube 4–5.5 mm. long, narrowly cylindrical but funnel-shaped above; lobes triangular, 2–3 mm. long, 1.6 mm. wide.
    Filaments
    Filaments exserted 2 mm.
    Pistil
    Style 6–7 mm. long; stigma capitate, 0.5 mm. wide, slightly bifid.
    Infructescences
    Fruiting heads globose, 1.3–1.5 cm. wide.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, 2–3(–5) mm. long, straw-coloured, densely reddish-brown spotted.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark purplish brown, 2.6–3.4 mm. long, 1.1–1.4 mm. wide, 0.8–1.1 mm. thick, laterally compressed, very shiny, very narrowly grooved ventrally and sometimes with a narrow white aril which scarcely projects.
    Habitat
    Dried up seasonal pool in riverine grassland; 750 m.
    Distribution
    Senegal to Ghana, ? Sudan T8
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    More or less erect herb, glabrous, 1-2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white, yellowish or sometimes tinged mauve
    Ecology
    In moist places on rock out-crops,

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce hepperiana Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5150], Sierra Leone Borreria compressa 4680.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 30: 305 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc. in Kew Bulletin 30: 305 (1975).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0