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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce hispida L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Much-branched prostrate perennial herb forming mats up to 23–40 cm. wide; stems 10–20 cm. long, tinged reddish, covered with spreading white hairs, with short internodes and rather congested foliage.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 0.6–1.5 cm. long, 1.5–6 mm. wide, ± acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, scabrid with white hairs on upper surface and particularly along the margins, also with hairs on midrib and nerves beneath; stipule-base hairy, ± 2 mm. long, with 3–6 fimbriae 3–6 mm. long; free petioles ± 1 mm. long or obsolete.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–several, sessile, in most leaf-axils.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube oblong-ovoid, 2 mm. long, densely hairy; lobes 4, lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm. long, hairy along the margins.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale blue or lilac; tube narrowly cylindrical, 6 mm. long; lobes oblong, 2 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, hairy at the apex.
    Filaments
    Filaments exserted 1 mm.
    Pistil
    Style exserted 2.5–5 mm.; stigma shortly bifid, 0.8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, 3 mm. long, 2.7 mm. wide, with spreading white hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut-brown, oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5 mm. long, 1.2 mm. wide, 0.8 mm. thick, sometimes narrowed to one end, finely reticulate, ventrally grooved.
    Figures
    Fig. 50/20, p. 342.
    Habitat
    Secondary grassland on sandy soil, under coconut palms on sandy ground near beach; 0–80 m.
    Distribution
    T6

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Malaya, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Philippines, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce hispida L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [1923], Brazil K001068322
    Feb 1, 2014 França, F. [3711], Brazil K001068321
    Jan 1, 2014 Harley, R.M. [11049], Brazil K001060122
    Jan 1, 2014 Hunt, D.R. [5836], Brazil K001060125
    Jan 1, 2014 Philcox, D. [4091], Brazil K001060126
    Jan 1, 2014 Philcox, D. [4430], Brazil K001060121
    Jan 1, 2014 Pohl [776], Brazil K001060116
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [R 1292], Brazil K001060124
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [1036], Brazil K001060120
    Jan 1, 2014 Ratter, J.A. [883], Brazil K001060123
    Jan 1, 2014 Irwin, H.S. [16211], Brazil K001068306
    Jan 1, 2014 Amaral, I.L. [878], Brazil K001060119
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [8675], Brazil K001060118
    Jan 1, 2014 Pires, J.M. [51970], Brazil K001060117
    Jan 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001060115
    Spruce, R. [810], Brazil K000470331
    Bojer [174], Mauritius K000422863
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001110001
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001111995
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001111996
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001111997
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001111998
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001111999
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 825] K001112000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 828], Myanmar Spermacoce avana K001110007

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 102 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Chamchumroon, V. & Puff, C. (2003). The Rubiaceae of Ko Chang, south-eastern Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 31: 13-26.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chamchumroon, V. & Puff, C. (2003). The Rubiaceae of Ko Chang, south-eastern Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 31: 13-26.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Verdc., in Kew Bulletin 30: 307 (1975).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 102 (1753).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0