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  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia to SW. Pacific.

    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    A weak erect, decumbent or procumbent annual herb, usually ± well-branched, 3–40 cm. tall, with fine fibrous roots; stems with sparse to fairly dense crisped hairs on the ± wing-like prominent angles.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 0.4–3.6 cm. long, 0.25–1.6 cm. wide, rounded to ± acute at the apex, concavely narrowed into the petiole at the base, glabrous on both surfaces save for short marginal hairs or ± pubescent on the main nerve beneath; petiole 0–8 mm. long, with scattered hairs; stipules with base 2 mm. long, bearing ± 7 fimbriae 1–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in small few-flowered clusters at many of the nodes, attaining 3–6 mm. in diameter in the fruiting state; stipule-like bracteoles with fimbriae 1.8–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube transversely oblong, 0.5 mm. long; lobes 2(–4), 0.6–0.8 mm. long, ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube 0.3 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.35 mm. long, 0.3–0.4 mm. wide, with a few short hairs inside.
    Anthers
    Anthers situated just above the sinuses of the corolla-lobes.
    Pistil
    Style ± 0.2 mm. long; stigma 0.2 mm. wide.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong, 1 mm. long, 0.8 mm. wide, 0.5–0.7 mm. thick, compressed, finely transversely wrinkled and very shortly pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut-brown, oblong-ellipsoid, 0.7–0.8 mm. long, 0.4 mm. wide, 0.3–0.35 mm. thick, strongly reticulate with raised ribs, the foveae elongated in the direction of the short axis.
    Figures
    Fig. 50/19, p. 342.
    Habitat
    Forest paths and leaf-litter, rocky paths in open grassland, also as an epiphyte on planted Raphia palms; 930–1700 m.
    Distribution
    Senegal to Cameroun, Fernando Po, Principe, St. Tomé, Annobon, Cabinda, Congo (Brazzaville), Zambia and Malawidescribed from Malesia, now widely spread in Solomon Is., Fiji, Samoa, Philippines, India, Madagascar, Mauritius, Central America, West Indies and S. America to Argentina T4 T7 T8 U2 U4
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A weak herb, erect or decumbent, 6-9 in. high
    Flowers
    Flowers very small, white
    Ecology
    Wayside weed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Fiji, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Maldives, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce ocymoides Burm.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 2014 Félix, L.P. [s.n.], Brazil K001068434
    Jan 1, 2009 Luke, W.R.Q. [11543], Tanzania K000545440
    Riedel, L. [s.n.], Brazil K001068433
    Folli, D.A. [3017], Brazil K001068431
    Hohenacker, R.F. [999], India K000975656
    Hohenacker, R.F. [998], India K000975657 Unknown type material
    Wight, R. [1360] K000031837 Unknown type material
    Wight, R. [6186], Tamil Nadu K000031838 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [1360], Tamil Nadu K000031835 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [6185], India K000031836 Unknown type material
    Poiteau, P.A. [s.n.], French Guiana K001068432
    Röttler, J.P. [s.n.], India K000772206
    Röttler, J.P. [s.n.], India K000772207
    s.coll. [831], India K000031839 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6185] K001123250
    Jan 1, 1968 Irwin, H.S. [20131], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076150
    Jan 1, 1965 Trinta, Z.A. [760], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076151
    Philcox, D. [4855], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076152
    Pohl [785], Bahia Spermacoce tenera K000016223 Unknown type material
    Pohl [785], Bahia Spermacoce tenera K000016224 isotype
    Hassler, E. [1005], Paraguay Spermacoce tenera K001076154
    Romero, R. [1872], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076149
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [21512], Brazil Spermacoce tenera K001076153
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 833] Spermacoce tenera K001110021
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 833] Spermacoce tenera K001110022
    Cruse, A.W. [499], Zimbabwe Borreria ocymoides 8533.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Indica: 34 (1768)

    Accepted by

    • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Burm. f., Fl. Indica: 34 (1768).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0