Skip to main content
  1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Spermacoce L.
      1. Spermacoce verticillata L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 350 - 3100 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 350 - 3100 m.
    Habit
    Herb, subshrub or shrub.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    [FWTA]

    Rubiaceae, F. N. Hepper & R. W. J. Keay. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect, glabrous branched undershrub or half-woody herb 1-2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white in compact spherical heads
    Ecology
    A weed of cultivation and waste places.
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Ascension, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Congo, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Line Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Territory, Queensland, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Togo, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Spermacoce verticillata L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2016 Hooker, J.D. [174], Cape Verde K001134641
    Jan 1, 2014 Duarte, A.P. [9987], Brazil K001060139
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner, G. [442], Brazil K001060141
    Jan 1, 2014 Gardner, G. [744], Brazil K001060142
    Jan 1, 2014 Isabelle, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001068309
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [4278-6], Brazil K001060130
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [4036], Brazil K001060135
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [5509], Brazil K001060138
    Jan 1, 2014 Burchell, W.J. [4681/36], Brazil K001068308
    Jan 1, 2014 Baker, C.F. [119], Brazil K001060134
    Jan 1, 2014 Harris [s.n.], Brazil K001060136
    Jan 1, 2014 MacGillivray, J. [254], Brazil K001060137
    Jan 1, 2014 Swanson [s.n.], Brazil K001060143
    Jan 1, 2014 Tweedie, J. [1258], Brazil K001060127
    Jan 1, 2014 Usteri, P.A. [180b], Brazil K001060140
    Jan 1, 2014 s.coll. [16], Brazil K001060131
    Jan 1, 2014 s.coll. [773], Brazil K001060132
    Jan 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001060128
    Jan 1, 2014 Spruce, R. [1114], Brazil K001060129
    Aug 31, 1991 Galeotti, H.G. [2585], Mexico K000470217
    Senegal K000422894
    Welwitsch [3247], Angola K000423391 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [3246] K000423392 Unknown type material
    Davis, A.P. [1069], Madagascar 62470.000
    Senegal K000422895
    Chamisso [s.n.], Brazil K000470198
    Darwin, C. [220], Bahia K000018051
    Wright, C. [2772], Cuba K000470572
    Miquel [s.n.], Surinam K000470319
    Henrique, V. [6], Brazil K000265178
    [Rurdei] [259], Jamaica K001060133
    Pifano, D.S. [152], Brazil K001076160
    Jan 1, 1993 Harley, R.M. [25302], Bahia Borreria verticillata K000016221
    Gregory, H. [33], Nigeria Borreria verticillata 4683.000
    Cruse, A.W. [492], Zimbabwe Borreria stricta 4682.000
    Huber, O. [10722], Brazil Spermacoce oligodonta K001076210
    Jan 1, 2014 Philcox, D. [4699], Brazil Spermacoce pygmaea K001060144
    Spruce, R. [3598], Venezuela Spermacoce pygmaea K000006682 Unknown type material
    Spruce, R. [3598], Venezuela Spermacoce pygmaea K000006683 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 102 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Harwood, R. & Dessein, S. (2005). Australian Spermacoce (Rubiaceae: Spermacoceae). I. Northern Territory Australian Systematic Botany 18: 297-365.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B., Klein, R.M. (2005). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 2: 349-842. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Middleton, J.D. (ed.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 13: 1-654. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Lozada Pérez, L. & Borhidi, A. (2013). Flora de Guerrero 57: 1-55. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0