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This variety is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Kenya, Kiambu District: Mugutha R., Kirrika 194 (K!, holo., EA!, iso.)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± densely hairy above with stellate and apparently simple hairs (actually probably always reduced stellate hairs)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps as for var riparia.
Ecology
Grassland, old forest clearings, often in marshy places or by rivers, alluvial black soil etc., abandoned cultivations and land resting fallow, roadsides also rocky places; 750–2400 m
Note
Two covers of East African material labelled ‘scabrida’ had been sorted out from S. rhombifolia at Kew but these have different mericarps from those of S. scabrida Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Pen. Ind. Or.: 57 (1834); Sivarajan & Pradeep, Malv. S. Pen. India: 250, fig. 89 (1996). Type: India, Wight 198 (K!, holo.). The Indian material has the sides and faces of the mericarps distinctly reticulately sculptured. Agnew has written on one of the covers for U.K.W.F. ed. 2 “included in S. rhombifolia”.   S. scabrida sensu Keay in F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 339 (1958) and Ugborogho in Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2a, 54: 100 (1980) is I think a different taxon from that of Wight & Arn.
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 Range: West Africa, Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Angola, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

[KBu]

Verdcourt, B. (2004). The Variation of Sida rhombifolia L. (Malvaceae) in East Africa. Kew Bulletin, 59(2), 233-239. doi:10.2307/4115855

Distribution
Western Africa, Congo (Kinshasa), Burundi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Angola.
Ecology
Waste ground, grassland, abandoned cultivations, roadsides, weed in cassava; 0 - 1140 m.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± densely hairy above with stellate and apparently simple hairs (actually probably always reduced stellate hairs).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps narrow with upper beak part often splitting but always bearing 2 short to quite long awns; back smooth or faintly reticulate, faces smooth or with faint sculpture particularly near margins.
Note
Sivarajan & Pradeep (Malv. S. Pen. India: 246 (1996)) maintain Sida rhomboidea Roxb. ex Fleming as a distinct species. The publication of the fascicle Malvaceae for the Flora of Tropical East Africa is dependent on the completion of several genera by four workers and will not appear for several years. It is probable that fieldwork could modify these conclusions and there will be time to incorporate any necessary changes.
Type
Kenya, Kiambu Distr., Mugutha R., Kirrika 194 (holotypus K, isotypus EA).

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Sida rhombifolia var. afroscabrida Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 59: 237 (2004)

Accepted by

  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Borssum Waalkes, J. van (1966). Malesian Malvaceae revised. Blumea 14: 1 -213.
  • Fryxell, P. A. (1985). Sidus sidarum - V. The North and Central American species of Sida. Sida 11: 62 -91.
  • Fuertes Agnilar, F. J. (1995). Malvaceae. In: Flora Colombia 17: 1 - 142. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales/ Universidad Nacional de Colombia/ Instituto Colombiano de Cultura Hispanica, Santafe de Bogota.
  • Marais, W. & Friedmann, F. (1987). Malvacées. In: J. Bosser et al. (eds.), Flore des Mascareignes 51: 1 - 57. S.I.R.I., Mauritius, O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Marais, W. (1983). Notes on Mascarene Malvaceae. Kew Bull. 38: 41 - 46.
  • Philcox, D. (1997). Malvaceae. In: M. D. Dassanayake & W. D. Clayton (eds.), A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 287 - 360. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Rodrigo, A. del P. (1944). Las especies Argentinas y Uruguayas de género Sida (Malvaceae). Revista Mus" La Plata, Secc. Bot. 6: 81 - 212, 31 pl.
  • Schumann, K. (1891). Malvaceae (part 1). In: C. F. P. von Martius, Flora Brasiliensis 12 (3): 254-455. Munich.
  • Sivarajan, V. V. & Pradeep, A. K. (1996). Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India. Daya Publishing House, Delhi.
  • Ugborogho, R. E. (1980). The taxonomy of Sida L. (Malvaceae) in Nigeria 11. The S. rhombifolia complex. Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 54: 65 - 85.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 59: 237, fig. 1e (2004).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0