1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Mnesithea Kunth
      1. Mnesithea veldkampii Potdar, S.P.Gaikwad, Salunkhe & S.R.Yadav

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India (Maharashtra).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Cataphylls evident. Culms erect; 30-150 cm long. Culm-internodes with septate pith. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches sparse; extravaginal. Leaf-sheaths 5-20 cm long; outer margin glabrous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.4-15 mm long. Leaf-blades conduplicate; 5-60 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; smoothly terete; 5-20 cm long. Rhachis semiterete; glabrous on margins. Rhachis internodes cuneate; 4-5 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse; crateriform. Spikelets sunken; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels free; clavate; 4.5 mm long; glabrous.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; orbicular; dorsally compressed; 4.8-51 mm long; shorter than fertile. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; 2-2.2 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous; base truncate; with central peg; attached transversely. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; orbicular; dorsally compressed; 4.8-51 mm long; shorter than fertile. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 5-5.5 mm long; 2-2.2 mm wide; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus glabrous; base truncate; with central peg; attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; indurate; without keels; 2-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 2-3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4.5-4.6 mm long; membranous; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 4-4.2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 0 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea ovate; 3.8-4 mm long; 0 -veined. Palea apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate. Anthers 3; 3.4-3.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 2.5-3 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Potdar et al 2006.

    Images

    Distribution

    Mnesithea veldkampii Potdar, S.P.Gaikwad, Salunkhe & S.R.Yadav appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Yadav, S.R. [1466], Maharashtra K001057025 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 59: 629 (2004 publ. 2005)

    Accepted by

    • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0