1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Moorochloa Veldkamp
      1. Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Indo-China and Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–60 cm. high, slender, geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2–15 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide, glabrous or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–14 racemes on an axis 1–8 cm. long; racemes 0.5–2.5 cm. long, secund, bearing single spikelets imbricate on a triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets elliptic, 1.7–2.7 mm. long, pubescent (rarely glabrous or villous), subacute; lower glume a tiny scale 0.2–0.5 mm. long (up to 1/5 the length of the spikelet); upper lemma readily deciduous, smooth, shiny, obtuse.
    Habitat
    Damp grassland, particularly on black clays; 500–2200 m.
    Distribution
    South Africa to the Mediterraneaneastwards to India K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T7 U1 U4
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms decumbent; slender; 10-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 2-15 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-14; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 0.5-2.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-8 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 1.7-2.7 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; subacute; 1.7-2.7 mm long; falling entire; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 0.1-0.2 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent, or villous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; glabrous, or pubescent, or villous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.5-2.5 mm long; indurate; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; indurate; without keels.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, and China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern and northwestern. South America: Caribbean and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual.
    Culms
    Culms 10–60 cm. high, geniculately ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–14 racemes, these 0.5–2.5 cm. long, bearing single spikelets on a triquetrous rhachis, sometimes with a secondary racemlet at the base.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1.7–3 mm. long, pubescent (very rarely glabrous), subacute.
    Glume
    Inferior glume a tiny scale up to 1/5 length of spikelet.
    Inferior
    Inferior glume a tiny scale up to 1/5 length of spikelet.
    Florets
    Superior floret readily deciduous, its lemma smooth, shiny and obtuse.
    Superior
    Superior floret readily deciduous, its lemma smooth, shiny and obtuse.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Cuba, Fiji, France, Honduras, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mississippi, Missouri, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Windward Is.

    Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 13, 1931 Wight [1616], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000245296 Unknown type material
    May 13, 1931 Wight [s.n.], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000958907
    Schimper [1855], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282204 isotype
    Schimper [1868], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282278
    Wood, J.M. [7456], South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281970
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281971 isotype
    Drège, South Africa Brachiaria eruciformis K000281969 isotype
    Duthie, J. F. [8529], Madhya Pradesh Brachiaria eruciformis K000245295 Unknown type material
    Bojer, W. [s.n.], Mauritius Brachiaria eruciformis K000805663 Unknown type material
    Aucher - Eloy - Herbier d'Orient [5437], Ethiopia Brachiaria eruciformis K000282205
    Heyne. [8693], India Brachiaria eruciformis K000245294 isotype

    First published in Reinwardtia 12: 139 (2004)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria eruciformis.]

    Literature

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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0