1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Avellinia Parl.
      1. Avellinia festucoides (Link) Valdés & H.Scholz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 7-30 cm long. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 2-5 cm long; 1 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 2-7 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume linear; 0.7-1.3 mm long; 0.25 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 3-5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma linear; 3-5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight; 1-2 mm long overall. Palea gaping; 0.5 length of lemma; hyaline.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: western Asia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Fl Eur.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Avellinia festucoides (Link) Valdés & H.Scholz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gussone, G. [s.n.], Sicilia Rostraria festucoides K000808764
    s.coll. [26], Sicilia Rostraria festucoides K000808763
    s.coll. [s.n.], France Rostraria festucoides K000808762
    s.coll. [s.n.], France Rostraria festucoides K000808761
    s.coll. [s.n.], France Rostraria festucoides K000808760
    s.coll. [s.n.], Corse Rostraria festucoides K000808759

    First published in Willdenowia 36: 662 (2006)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Rostraria festucoides.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0