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This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is Balkan Peninsula to N. Iran.

[O-EM]
Ecology

Seasonally wet meadows and other biotopes that are temporarily very wet as is the case, for example, at locations on mountains during the thaw, are settled with preference. The joint occurrence with Anacamptis laxiflora underlines the high humidity requirements of the taxon. The vegetation cycle does not differ basically from that of ssp. morio.

Biology

The period of bloom in mountainous regions is from May until the beginning of June, in lower-lying locations, the onset of anthesis of ssp. caucasica may be as early as March.

Distribution

The area encloses the southern Balkans, the islands of the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea coasts, Turkey (where the taxon has only local occurrences) and in the east through the Caucasians up to northern Iran as far as the South of the Caspian Sea. Along the southern Mediterranean coast of Turkey, it overlaps with the area of the subspecies syriaca. To the north of the Balkans, a wide contact zone with ssp. morio exists, while there is only a tiny overlap with the area of Anacamptis boryi in the south. Whether all references of Anacamptis morio from the Caucasians are really to be assigned to ssp. caucasica, is an open question at the moment, still.

Threats

Unearthing bulbs to produce Salep and the strong fertilisation of pastureland reduced the Asian population of this orchids.

Native to:

Albania, Bulgaria, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Kriti, Krym, North Caucasus, Romania, South European Russi, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea, ed. 2: 125 (2007)

Accepted by

  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Kretzschmar, H. ,Eccarius, W. & Dietrich, H. (2007). The Orchid Genera Anacamptis, Orchis and Neotinea. Phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, biology, distribution, ecology and hybridisation, ed. 2: 1-544. EchinoMedia verlag, Bürgel.
  • Kühn, R., Pedersen, H.Æ. & Cribb, v (2019). Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean: 1-430. Kew Publishing, England.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Orchideae: e-monocot.org
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