1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus oxyphyllus Fish

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 25-50 cm long. Culm-nodes pallid, or purple, or black; glabrous. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; ribbed; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate; 1-1.5 mm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades convolute; 2-9(-11.5) cm long; 1.5-4.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous and papillose; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth, or scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-10 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending. Panicle branches smooth, or with occasional prickles; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.8-2.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1.8-2.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; reaching apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 1-1.6 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough above. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 1.8-2.4 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough above. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic, or ovate; 1.8-2.4 mm long; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.2-1.4 mm long; pallid, or yellow, or green.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; laterally compressed; 1.1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Fish 2008.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Northern Provinces

    Sporobolus oxyphyllus Fish appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 36: 71 (2006)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0