1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum chinense (Rendle) D.Z.Li & H.Q.Yang

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms 300-500 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths without auricles. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough abaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; with 2-keeled prophylls. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; comprising 3 gemmiferous bracts; 2 empty glumes; lower persistent, upper deciduous; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-9 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; separately deciduous (plus upper glume). Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 10-11 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex truncate to acute. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 12 mm long; chartaceous. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back. Palea apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 7-9 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. McClure 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Cephalostachyum chinense (Rendle) D.Z.Li & H.Q.Yang appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Henry, A. [10420], China Leptocanna chinensis K000912114
    Henry, A. [10420], China Leptocanna chinensis K000912115
    s.coll. [s.n.] Leptocanna chinensis K000912116

    First published in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 44: 156 (2007)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Schizostachyum chinense.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0