1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca filiformis Pourr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Caucasus, NW. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 10-45 cm long; 1-3 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; without keel; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; 0.5 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 3-25 cm long; 0.2-0.4 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse, or acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle contracted; linear, or lanceolate, or oblong; 2-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 1-2 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 3-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 3-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-2.5 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; rounded except near apex; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; muticous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous; adorned above. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; glabrous. Hilum linear; 0.6-0.7 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Caucasus. Australasia: New Zealand. South America: Mesoamericana and southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. CEH.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Argentina South, British Columbia, Chile South, Connecticut, Costa Rica, District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Labrador, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Festuca filiformis Pourr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 368], United Kingdom K000914501
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 486], United Kingdom K000914502

    First published in Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 319 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Haveman, R. (2015). Het Festuca-ovina complex in Nederland. 3. De smalbladige schapengrassen Gorteria; Mededelingenblad ten Dienste van de Floristiek en het Vegetatie-Onderzoek van Nederland 37: 181-191.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0