Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senegalia Raf.
      1. Senegalia caffra (Thunb.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Kalahari-Highveld Regional Transition Zone - woodland, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    A shrub or tree 2-10 m. high, not climbing; bark rough, scaly, dark-grey to brown; young branchlets varying from subglabrous with a little puberulence to densely spreading-pubescent or even (though not in our area) tomentose.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent, subulate-linear.
    Prickles
    Prickles in pairs just below the nodes, patent to ± hooked, up to 7 mm. long, often sparse; occasionally with a few additional prickles scattered elsewhere on the stem.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole (1)1·3-3·5 cm. long; rhachis 3-19 cm. long, prickly or unarmed; gland on petiole present or absent, 0·75-1·75 mm. long, also with glands between top 1-4 pairs of pinnae; pinnae (4)6-27 pairs; leaflets 13-57 pairs, 2-7(10) x 0·6-1·5(2·5) mm., glabrous or with some appressed or spreading cilia on the margins or (but not in our area) densely hairy on the margins and ± so on the lower surface, rounded to obtuse at the apex, with midrib and often also lateral nerves usually rather prominent beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy-yellow to white, sessile, in spikes (2)4-10 cm. long on peduncles (0·5)1-3 cm. long; axis ± densely puberulous to pubescent or tomentose, also glandular.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2-3 mm. long, rather densely puberulous to pubescent, 2/3-5/6 as long as the corolla.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2·5-3·5 mm. long, ± puberulous to pubescent on the outside of the lobes.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 6-7 mm. long; anthers 0·15 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous, shortly stipitate.
    Fruits
    Pods brown, dehiscent, 6-17 x 0·9-1·5(1·9) cm., puberulous, rarely pubescent, and with sparse to dense reddish-brown glands over the surface, linear, straight to ± curved, acute to attenuate at the base and apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds 8-10 x 7-8 mm., flattened; central areole small, 2-3 x 2-2·7 mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Senegalia caffra (Thunb.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 22, 1981 Prior, J. [111], Swaziland Acacia caffra K000317545
    Jan 1, 1979 Prior, J. [110], Swaziland Acacia caffra K000317553
    Sep 17, 1971 Pegler, A. [49], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244386 syntype
    Sep 17, 1971 Pegler, A. [49], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244387 syntype
    Sep 17, 1971 s.coll. [s.n.], Free State Acacia caffra K000317557 Unknown type material
    Apr 13, 1965 Miller, O.B. [B950], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317542
    Mar 2, 1965 Beer, J.S. de [686], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317549
    Mar 2, 1965 Beer, J.S. de [673], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317551
    Mar 2, 1965 Beer, J.S. de [673], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317550
    South Africa Acacia caffra K000244308
    Zeyher [565], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244305
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244307
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244309
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244383
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244384
    Burke [s.n.], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244385
    Sanderson, J. [353], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244390 syntype
    Ecklon [169], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244306
    Ecklon [460], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244382
    Cooper, T. [103], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244391
    Torre, A.R. [7126], Mozambique Acacia caffra K000317543
    Wood, J. M. [1021], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244392
    Wood, J. M. [1021], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244393 syntype
    Wood, J. M. [1021], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244394 syntype
    Medley Wood [7188], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244388 syntype
    Medley Wood [7188], South Africa Acacia caffra K000244389 syntype
    Ross, J.H. [193], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317554
    Ross, J.H. [221], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317555
    Ross, J.H. [248], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317556
    Ross, J.H. [616], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317559
    Ross, J.H. [260], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317560
    Ross, J.H. [2412], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317562
    Archibald, E.E.A. [5827], South Africa Acacia caffra K000317561
    Yalala, A.M. [180], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317548
    Hansen, O.J. [3203], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317546
    Hansen, O.J. [3448], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317552
    Lemos, F. de [213], Mozambique Acacia caffra K000317544
    Mott, P.J. [1037], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317547
    Reyneke, J. [420], Botswana Acacia caffra K000317541
    s.coll. [s.n.], Free State Acacia caffra K000317558
    Jan 1, 2009 Zappi, D.C. [1016], Mato Grosso Acacia multijuga K000579441

    Bibliography

    First published in D.J.Mabberley, Plant-book, ed. 3: 1021 (2008)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Wood Anatomy Microscope Slides
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/