1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cephalostachyum Munro
      1. Cephalostachyum pingbianense (Hsueh & Y.M.Yang ex T.P.Yi) D.Z.Li & H.Q.Yang

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms arching, or leaning; pendulous at the tip; 500-700 cm long; 10-20(-30) mm diam.; woody; 25-30 -noded. Culm-internodes terete; (10-)25-35(-60) cm long; distally pilose (when young). Culm-nodes flush with internodes. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths tardily deciduous; 0.5-0.8 length of internode; hispid; with grey hairs; without auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5-1 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade linear, or lanceolate; reflexed; 3-5 mm wide; pubescent. Leaves (4-)5-7 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 7-10 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 14-15 cm long; (2.2-)3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 12-18 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; 1.5-3.5 cm long; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters; 4.5-12 cm long overall. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension, or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 10-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; comprising 3-4 gemmiferous bracts; 3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 5-10 mm long; 7-9(-11) -veined.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 8-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-11 -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Palea ovate; tightly convolute around flower; 10-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keels, or 2-keeled. Palea surface glabrous. Palea apex awned.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ovate; 1-2 mm long. Anthers 6; 5 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 3; plumose. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; oblong; 8-9 mm long; light brown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Hoeh & Yang 2009.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Cephalostachyum pingbianense (Hsueh & Y.M.Yang ex T.P.Yi) D.Z.Li & H.Q.Yang appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45: 395 (2008)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Schizostachyum pingbianense.]

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0