1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium carpishense Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Conservation

    Conservation for Anthurium carpishense must be considered as Data Deficient (DD) according to IUCN Red List criteria (IUCN, 2001), because the species is known from only three collections. It is known from two localities in Peru, and it may prove to be more widespread since it is similar to a collection in Colombia (Martin L. Grant 9729) from Cundinamarca (N side of Quebrada San Rogue, Rio Blanco Valley, 10 km W of Gutierez, 45 km S of Bogota, Station 42, 2500 m, 27 July 1944). However, that collection, in addition to being quite disjunct, was reported as having a maroon spadix rather than a red spadix.

    Diagnostic

    Planta terrestrisa ut hemiepiphytica;i nternodia3 -7.4 cm longa, 5-10 mm diam.; cataphylla (2-)4.5-9.5 cm longa, in fibris pallidis persistentia; petiolus (13.4-)18-29 cm longus, sulcatus; lamina anguste ovato-cordata, (11-)16-28.5 cm longa, (8-)10.6-18 cm lata, irugosa; inflorescentia erecta; spatha lanceolata, reflexa, (3.2-)4-7 cm longa, 6-12 mm lata; spadix rubra, (1-)2-4.8 cm longa, (3-)5-7 mm diam.; stipes (0.8-)2.5-3.7 cm longus.

    Ecology

    Anthurium carpishense is endemic to Peru, known only from the Cumbre de Carpish (hence the epithet "carpishense"), from the Department of Huanuco in the Districts of Chinchao and Rupa Rupa, at 700 to 2750 m elevation, growing in shady areas in Premontane wet forest transition to Tropical (P-wf/T) according to Holdridge (1967).

    General Description

    Terrestrial herb or hemiepiphyte, growing to 2 or 3 m; internodes 3-7.4 cm, 5-10 mm diam., drying dark olive-brown, soon light brown and closely blackish transverse-fissured; cataphylls (2-)4.5-9.5 cm, the uppermost intact, promptly weathering to a pale reticulum of fibers with some loose fibers persisting even at lower nodes; petioles (13.4-)18-29 cm, sub terete, obtusely sulcate, drying deeply sulcate and pale yellow-brown; geniculum 10-15 mm, scarcely thicker than the petiole; blades narrowly ovate-sagittate, (11-)16-28.5 x (8-)10.6-18 cm, rugose, dark green and matte adaxially, paler and matte abaxially, drying greenish brown to yellow-brown adaxially, yellow brown abaxially, narrowly acuminate at apex, sagittate at base; anterior lobe 8-21.5 cm; posterior lobes 3.2-7.5 cm, 3.4-7.5 cm wide midway, directed toward the base; sinus 2.5-7 cm deep, (0.5-)1-2.5 cm diam. midway, oblong or sometimes spatulate to V-shaped; basal veins usually 4 pairs, sometimes 5 or 6 pairs, 1st and often 2nd free to base, 3rd and higher coalesced 1.5-2 cm; posterior rib ± straight, barely or not at all naked along sinus; midrib drying narrowly triangular and paler adaxially, convex and paler abaxially; primary lateral veins 3 to 5 pairs, weakly raised in narrow valleys adaxially, convex abaxially, departing midrib at 35?-60?, straight to gradually curved to the collective veins; collective veins usually arising from the 1st basal vein, sometimes from the 2nd or rarely the 3rd pairs of basal veins, 2-8 mm from margin, equally as prominent as the primary lateral veins; all the veins on the abaxial surface but especially primary lateral veins and tertiary veins pustular-hispidulous on drying. INFLORESCENCE erect; peduncle 6.7-12.2 cm; spathe pinkish yellow to pinkish green, lanceolate, reflexed, (3.2-)47 x 6-12 mm; stipe (0.8-)2.5 3.7 cm, drying 1-2 mm diam.; spadix red, (1-)2 4.8 cm, (3-)5-7 mm diam., nearly cylindric, scarcely tapered toward apex, bluntly rounded at apex. Flowers 5 to 8 visible per spiral, 4-lobed, ca. 2.6 X 2.2 mm; lateral tepals ± shield-shaped, the outer margin narrowly rounded, inner margin broadly rounded; stamens held at surface of tepals in a close, usually contiguous circle around the style; anthers yellow; stigma elliptic, ca. 0.2 mm. INFRUCTESCENCE not seen.

    Distribution

    Anthurium carpishense Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Novon 18: 146 (2008)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. & Chávez, J.Lingán New Endemic Species of Anthurium (Araceae) from Río Huallaga, Peru. Novon 18, 163 (2008).

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0