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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Apium L.
      1. Apium nodiflorum (L.) Lag.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Medit. to Central Asia and NW. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Weak, trailing or ascending perennial, glabrous, rooting at the lower nodes with clusters of white rootlets, 11–80(–100) cm.
    Stem
    Stems finely striate, fleshy and fistular, ± 0.3–1.6 cm. in diameter, simple or branched.
    Leaves
    Lower and middle stem leaves with the lamina ovate to oblong in outline, 4–40 cm. long, pinnate with 2–6 pairs of sessile leaflets; leaflets lanceolate to ovate, (5–)9–55(–75) × (3.5–)5–20(–40) mm., regularly or irregularly dentate, the terminal in particular sometimes ± lobed; petiole 1.5–12 cm.; sheaths 15–35(–50) mm., narrowly oblong, striate, membranous-margined; upper leaves sessile, shorter, with fewer leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels leaf-opposed, sessile or shortly (to ± 4 mm.) pedunculate, with 5–10 unequal rays ± 8–30 mm. long; involucre commonly absent, occasionally of up to 3 narrowly lanceolate bracts up to ± 3 mm. long, especially in pedunculate umbels; flowers ± 12–20 in each partial umbel, pedicels (0–)1.5–5 mm.; involucel conspicuous, of 5–7 lanceolate, nervose, acute, pale-margined bracteoles 3–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth obsolete.
    Corolla
    Petals ± 0.75 mm., white.
    Fruits
    Fruit ovoid to almost round, laterally compressed, 1.25–2 mm. long, with narrow, prominent, pale primary ribs; stylopodia small, flat; styles slender, ± twice as long as the stylopodia.
    Habitat
    In shallow water or on wet mud, in marshes or slow-moving streams or rivers, in the one East African locality “in marshy soil near permanent water, 1660 m.”
    Distribution
    widespread in C. and S. Europe, SW. and C. Asia, N. Africa, introduced in N. and S. America; T1

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Greece, Kriti, Romania, Yugoslavia

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Somalia, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile North, New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Apium nodiflorum (L.) Lag. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Maitland, T.D. [402], Lebanon K000315663
    Bourgeau, E. [813], Canary Is. K001091168

    Bibliography

    First published in Amen. Nat. Españ. 1(2): 101 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Umbelliferae: 1-127.
    • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Nasir, E. (1972). Flora of West Pakistan 20: 1-169.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.
    • Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. (2011). Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan Norrlinia 24: 1-166.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedge, I.C., Lamond, J.M. & Rechinger, K.H. (1987). Flora Iranica 162: 1-555. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Chukavina, A.P. (ed.) (1984). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Shishkin, B.K. (ed.) (1950). Flora Turkmenii 5: 1-271. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 642 (1959).
    • H. Wolff in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 228, heft 90: 37 (1927).
    • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 11 (1877).
    • Lagasca, Amen. Nat. 2: 101 (1821).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/