1. Family: Marattiaceae Kaulf.
    1. Genus: Eupodium J.Sm.
      1. Eupodium pittieri (Maxon) Christenh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to Colombia.

    [KBu]

    Christenhusz, M.J.M. Kew Bull (2010) 65: 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-010-9178-3

    Rhizomes
    Rhizomes erect, globular, radially arranged, often partly subterraneous, but recorded to form erect trunks to 1 m tall, up to about 40 cm wide at apex, somewhat resembling a fleshy big pine-cone with closed scales
    Stipules
    stipules appressed, half-orbicular, to 4 cm wide, succulent
    Leaves
    leaves 3-pinnate-pinnatifid, deltoid-triangular, 2 – 4 m long, petioles to about 2 m long, 2 cm thick at the base, smooth, glabrous or glabrescent (sparsely scaly), the scales when present 1 – 3 mm long, filiform to lanceolate, orange to light-brown, flaccid, often caducous; rachises winged, the wing to 2 mm wide in the distal part of rachis; blades 170 – 180 × 170 – 190 cm, densely scaly; lateral pinnae deltoid-oblong, reduced and confluent with the winged rachises towards the pinnule apex into an entire pinnatifid-crenate terminal segment with a crenate acute apex, the pinnae with about 11 – 15 pairs of pinnules, the oblong pinnules pinnate or deeply lobed; pinnulets elliptic-oblong, 1 – 5.5 (– 8.5) × 0.5 – 1.5 cm, parallel-sided, apices obtuse to rounded-acute, bases acute, margins coarsely crenate, the midvein bearing awns adaxially only, these 0.2 – 1 mm long; terminal segments rhomboid, 1.9 – 3.2 × 1.7 – 2 cm, widest below the middle, margins crenate, deeply pinnatifid; veins simple or once forked (a fork per lobe), branched in apical pinnules, about 3 – 6 veins per cm (but variable); synangia intramarginal, bilateral, 8 – 16 (– 18)-locular, mature ones stalked, the stalks about 0.7 mm long.
    Distribution
    DWidely distributed from S Mexico to Bolivia and east to Venezuela and Trinidad.
    Ecology
    In montane rainforest, cloud forest and elfin woodland; 1000 – 3000 m.
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC).
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Colombia

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Panamá

    Eupodium pittieri (Maxon) Christenh. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 65(1): 120 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Toivonen, T. K. (2008). Giants invading the tropics: The oriental vessel fern, Angiopterisevecta (Marattiaceae). Biol. Invasions 10: 1215 – 1228.Google Scholar
    • Christenhusz, M. J. M., Tuomisto, H Metzgar, J. S. & Pryer, K. M. (2008). Evolutionary relationships within the Neotropical, eusporangiate fern genus Danaea (Marattiaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 46: 34 – 48.Google Scholar
    • Murdock, A. G. (2008a). Phylogeny of marattioid ferns (Marattiaceae): inferring a root in the absence of a closely related outgroup. Amer. J. Bot. 95: 626 – 641.Google Scholar
    • Murdock, A. G. (2008b). A taxonomic revision of the eusporangiate fern family Marattiaceae, with description of a new genus Ptisana. Taxon 57: 737 – 755.Google Scholar
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    • Fée, A. L. A. (1869). CryptogamesVasculaires (fougères, Lycopodiacées, Hydroptéridées, Equisétacées) du Brésil. J.-B. Baillière et fils, Paris.Google Scholar
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    • Hooker, W. J. (1839). Genera Filicum. Henry G. Bone, London.Google Scholar
    • Schott, H. W. (1834). Genera Filicum Vol. 3. Wallishaussen, Vienna.Google Scholar
    • Raddi, G. (1825). Plantarum Brasiliensium Nova Genera, Vol. 1 (Filices). Ex TypographiaAloisiiPezzati, Florentiae.Google Scholar
    • Lamarck, J. B. A. P. M. & Poiret, J. L. M. (1797). EncyclopedieMethodique, Botanique 4. Panckoucke, Paris.Google Scholar
    • Smith, J. E. (1790). Plantarum iconeshactenusineditae, plerumqueadplantas in herbarioLinnaeanoconservatasdelineatae, Vol. 2. J. Davis, London.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0