1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Valeriana L.
      1. Valeriana neglecta R.Bernal

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [KBu]

    Bernal, R. 2009. Valeriana neglecta (Valerianaceae), a new species from Colombia. Kew Bulletin 64: 723. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-009-9161-z

    Type
    Colombia, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, “high mountains,” July 1844, Purdies.n. (holotypus K, herb. Hookerianum; isotypus, K, herb. Benthamianum).
    Habit
    Andromonoecious, woody plant, probably a subshrub or a small shrub, densely branched, the branches 3 – 4 mm diam., densely foliose in the upper parts, the internodes 1.5 – 2 mm long, glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves ascending, undivided, persistent after drying, narrowly spathulate, 31 – 36 mm long, 2.5 – 4 mm wide, subcoriaceous, glabrous on both surfaces, remotely serrate in the distal ¼ with 1 – 4 rounded and inconspicuous teeth on each side, the apex acute, the base decurrent to the sheathing insertion, the latter with white-ciliate margins
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, corymboid, compound, 7.5 – 11.2 cm long, 2.5 – 3.5 cm wide, with 4 – 6 capitoid and dense partial inflorescences c. 1 cm wide, the main inflorescence axis up to 9 cm, with 3 – 4 internodes 14 – 29 mm long, their length decreasing from base towards apex, each node with a pair of sessile, linear to ovate, reduced leaves
    Bracts
    Bracts elliptic, 3 mm long, 1 mm wide
    Flowers
    Flowers with an infundibuliform, gibbose, glabrous, 2.6 – 2.8 mm long corolla, the tube c. 1.9 mm, the lobes 5, elliptic, 0.7 – 1 mm long; staminate flowers (approaching anthesis) with three exserted stamens; filaments 1.5 mm long, inflexed in bud; anthers tetrasporangiate, the thecae shortly connate near the base, otherwise free, 0.5 mm long, 0.3 mm wide; perfect flowers with three stamens; filaments 1.7 mm; anthers deciduous, not seen; achene (immature) elliptic, 2.5 – 2.8 mm long, 1 mm wide, narrowly winged; calyx absent or very short, oblique; pappus absent
    Distribution
    Colombia. Known only from a single collection.
    Ecology
    High mountains probably on south-eastern slopes.
    Conservation
    Data Deficient (DD) following the IUCN (2001) categories and criteria.
    Note
    The specimens of Valeriana neglecta have been filed at K under V. grisiana Wedd., which is a completely different plant from the Andes of Cuzco, Peru. It is a small, apparently herbaceous plant, with internodes c. 2 – 2.5 cm long and narrowly lanceolate leaves, that appear to be papyraceous. The inflorescence is a short-branched, compact, capitoid corymb. With the discovery of Valeriana neglecta, the number of species of Valeriana endemic to the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is now four — V. cuatrecasasii, V. englerianaHöck, V. karstenii, and V. neglecta. Considering the relatively poor exploration of the highlands in this Sierra, it is likely that this number will increase with further exploration. The specific epithet neglecta alludes to the fact that the species was first collected 164 years ago, but the specimens have remained unnoticed or wrongly identified at K. There is no doubt that the two specimens of Valeriananeglecta at Kew (herb. Benthamianum 1854 and herb. Hookerianum 1867) belong to the same collecting event, although the labels are written in different handwriting, and the herb. Benthamianum specimen bears the date 1845 on the label, instead of 1844. A similar situation is found with other Purdie specimens at K, e. g., V. pilosa Ruiz & Pav., V. karsteniiBriq., and Perissocoelumpurdiei Mathias & Constance (Apiaceae). Each of these species has two Purdie specimens from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, one from herb. Benthamianum, and one from herb. Hookerianum. In both cases the situation with the labels parallels that described for V. neglecta. Inflorescence structure in Valeriananeglecta is reminiscent of that of V. cuatrecasasii F. G. Mey., another suffrutescent species from the south-eastern slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, which differs in its long internodes, ovate, serrate, long-petiolate leaves, and looser partial inflorescences. However, staminate flowers of this species are unknown and its sectional placement cannot, as yet, be defined with certainty.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Subarbusto, arbusto

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Valeriana neglecta R.Bernal appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 64: 723 (2009 publ. 2010)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Hidalgo, O., Garnatje, T., Susanna, A. & Mathez, J. (2004). Phylogeny of Valerianaceae based on matK and ITS markers, with reference to matK individual polymorphism. Ann. Bot. 93: 283 – 294.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 3.1. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
    • Xena de Enrech, N. (1992). Valerianaceae. Flora de Venezuela 5: 221 – 267. Fondo Editorial Acta CientificaVenezolana, Caracas.Google Scholar
    • Eriksen, B. (1989). Notes on generic and infrageneric delimitation in the Valerianaceae. Nord. J. Bot. 9: 179 – 187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Ewan, J. (1948). A review of Purdieanthus and Lehmanniella, two endemic Colombian genera of Gentianaceae, and biographical notes on Purdie and Lehmann. Caldasia 5: 85 – 98.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0