1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Mikania Willd.
      1. Mikania badiniana G.S.S.Almeida & Carv.-Okano

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Minas Gerais).

    [KBu]

    de Almeida, G.S.S. & de Carvalho-Okano, R.M. 2010. Three new species of Eupatorieae (Compositae) from Brazil. Kew Bulletin 65: 255. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-010-9205-4

    Type
    Brazil, Minas Gerais, Ouro Preto, Parque Estadual do Itacolomi, Trilha da Estrada de Baixo, 27 June 2007, G. S. S. Almeida et al. 709 (holotypusVIC!;isotypus HUNEB!).
    Habit
    Erect subshrub 0.8 m tall
    Stem
    Stem of cylindrical branches, striate, villous, glandular, brown
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, decussate, sessile to short-petiolate, oval to heart-shaped, 1.5 – 4.5 cm long, 1 – 3 cm wide, apex pointed, margins crenate, cordate to subcordate at base, adaxial face rough, sparsely glandular, abaxial face hispid-tomentose, glandular, venation reticulate, prominent, nerves tomentose
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, paniculate with corymbiform racemes, axes densely tomentose. Capitula discoid, short, pedunculate, bracteate; bracts linear-lanceolate, 1.5 – 2.2 mm long, tomentose, glandular
    Involucre
    Involucre subcylindric, 2 – 2.5 mm long, involucral bracts 4, uniseriate, oblong, apex pointed, ciliate, margins ciliate, tomentose above, glandular; receptacle plane, faveolate, glabrous. Florets 4, corolla white, tubular-campanulate, 2 – 2.5 mm long, tube 0.8 –1 mm long, glandular, lobes with papillose borders and apex; anthers with obtuse apex, slightly sagittate base; cylindrical anther collar; style with conical stylepodium, key-shaped branches, papillose, glandular
    Fruits
    Cypselae prismatic, 1.5 – 1.8 mm long, 4-costate, glandular, nerves setose; symmetrical, carpopodium ring-like; pappus 2 – 2.5 mm long, uniseriate, bristles cream-coloured, barbed
    Distribution
    Brazil, Minas Gerais, only in the municipality of Ouro Preto and the “campo rupestre” of the Parque Estadual do Itacolomi.
    Ecology
    “Campos rupestres” on iron-rich soils; 1400 m.
    Conservation
    According to the presently available information, this species can be scored, using the IUCN Categories and Criteria (IUCN 2001), as Critically Endangered (CR Blabi,ii B2abi,ii), since its Area of Occurrence is less than 100 km², its area of occupancy is less than 10 km², and it has been found only in one location.
    Note
    The epithet honours the late Professor José Badini, Professor of the Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto on account of the relevant contributions he made to botany in Brazil, especially the intensive collecting expeditions undertaken in the “camposrupestres” of the Serra do Itacolomi, which allowed the initial recognition of the immense floristic diversity of the area. Mikaniabadiniana belongs to sect. Spicatoracemosae Baker (1876) because it has ordered capitula in corymbiform congested, paniculate racemes. This species is characterised by the verticillate or opposite-decussate leaves, diminutive involucre, corolla, cypsela and pappus each with a length of less than 3 mm, a glandular corolla, glabrous glandular lobes, densely glandular 4-costate cypsela. These characteristics distinguish it from M. sessilifolia, which is the most closely related species, with basal leaves always in alternate or opposite positions, capitula ordered in paniculate racemes, the involucre, corolla and pappus each longer than 3 mm and a corolla with eglandular lobes.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Mikania badiniana G.S.S.Almeida & Carv.-Okano appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 65(2): 256 (258; fig. 2) (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0