1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus basedowii (Summerh. & C.E.Hubb.) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & N. Central Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms geniculately ascending; 35-70 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 5-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Peduncle scaberulous above; glabrous, or pubescent above. Panicle spiciform; oblong, or ovate; 3-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis with briefly decurrent ribs; scaberulous; glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 20-40 mm long; base truncate; base 0.5 mm long; base pubescent. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; with an outer whorl of thinner bristles; 3-4 in principal whorl; inner bristles longer than outer; 20-40 mm long; flattened; flexible; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-7 mm long; 0.9-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9-11 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 7-9 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; anther tip apiculate.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl W Austr 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

    Cenchrus basedowii (Summerh. & C.E.Hubb.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Basedow, H. [13], Western Australia Pennisetum basedowii K000215211 isotype
    Basedow, H. [13], Australia Pennisetum basedowii K000215212 holotype

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 127 (2010)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0