1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus chilensis (É.Desv.) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru to Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 100-200 cm long; 2-4 mm diam. Culm-nodes glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 12-45 cm long; 3-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 8-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis angular; glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 7-12 mm long; base truncate. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; with longest bristle scarcely emergent; terete; flexible; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.2 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Styles connate below; 1 of their length connate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Turpe 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Chile Central, Chile North, Peru

    Cenchrus chilensis (É.Desv.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1982 Buchtien, O. [s.n], Bolivia Pennisetum chilense K000643100
    Jan 1, 1981 Gay, C. [s.n.], Chile Pennisetum chilense K000643090
    Jan 1, 1981 Gay, C. [s.n.], Chile Pennisetum chilense K000643130
    Rico, L. [1256], Bolivia Pennisetum chilense K000295278

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 127 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0