1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus domingensis (Spreng. ex Schult.) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cuba to Hispaniola.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms rambling; 100-700 cm long; wiry. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; involute; 0.5-4 cm long; 1-2 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; loose; 2-5 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 4-10 mm long; base truncate; base 0.75 mm long; base pubescent. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; few; with longest bristle scarcely emergent; 15-20 mm long; terete; flexible; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.2-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.2-4.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.2-0.33 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.5-0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 4.2-4.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma; coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Man Gr WI 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti

    Cenchrus domingensis (Spreng. ex Schult.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 127 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0