1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus lanatus (Klotzsch) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Afghanistan to Nepal and Tibet.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect; 30-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent, or hirsute. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 6-30 cm long; 3-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent, or hirsute. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle pilose above. Panicle spiciform; linear; 3.5-13.5 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis angular; pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2-4 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 3-7 mm long; base obtuse. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; branched; numerous; terete; flexible; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5.5(-6.5) mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5.5(-6.5) mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 0.33-0.4 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; acuminate. Fertile lemma oblong; 4-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; anther tip smooth.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: western Asia and China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Pak.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya

    Cenchrus lanatus (Klotzsch) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    J.R.Drummond [21183], India Pennisetum lanatum K000245381 Unknown type material

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 128 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0