1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus latifolius (Spreng.) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. South America, SE. & S. Brazil to N. Argentina.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms 150-300 cm long. Culm-internodes scaberulous. Culm-nodes bearded. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 30-75 cm long; 20-45 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Panicle spiciform; linear; 4-7 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Panicle axis angular; pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 3-4 mm long; base truncate. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; 8-12 in principal whorl; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 8-10 mm long; terete; flexible; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.2 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Styles free to the base.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand. South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Turpe 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    California, Korea, Louisiana, New Zealand North, Oklahoma

    Cenchrus latifolius (Spreng.) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1982 Lechler [1925], Peru Pennisetum latifolium K000643099
    Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [7901], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102950
    Lindeman, J.C. [535], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102951
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6064], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106055
    Castellanos, A. [24803], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106056
    Burchell, W.J. [4492], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106062
    Fox [351], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106058
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106059
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1837], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102952
    Dombrowski, L.T. [4674], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102953
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1773], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102955
    Glaziou, A. [7982], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106057
    Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106061
    Glaziou [7982], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001106060
    Dowbrowski, L.T. [1773], Brazil Pennisetum latifolium K001102954

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 128 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0