1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium espinae Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Terrestrial or epiphytic plant; internodes short, 1.7 cm diam.; cataphylls 12–25 cm long, drying medium yellowish brown, persistent. Leaves with petiole terete, 35–50 cm long, drying 5–7 mm diam., medium yellowish brown, smooth; blade ovate, subcordate to cordate, narrowly longacuminate at apex (acumen 2 cm long), 29–36 cm long, 17–22 cm wide, 1.4–1.9 × longer than wide, 0.55–0.9 × as long as petiole, drying weakly glossy, grey-green above, slightly paler and slightly more glossy below; midrib drying narrowly raised and weakly paler above, thicker, narrowly raised and darker brown below, upper surface faintly pale-punctate but difficult to discern upon magnification; lower surface minutely granular upon magnification; primary lateral veins 8–10 pairs, arising at 45° angle, sometimes first arising at an acute angle before spreading; basal veins 3–4(–5) pairs, the 1st 2–3 free to the base, the lower ones sometimes fused with higher order veins for 5 mm; posterior rib absent or if present to 8–10 mm long, naked or nearly so for all of its length; collective veins arising from the 3rd or 4th pair of basal veins, 1–5 mm from margin; tertiary veins weakly prominulous. Inflorescence erect; peduncle (8–)16–22 cm long, drying as petiole in colour, 4 mm diam.; spathe 9.5–12 cm long, 1.5–2.2 cm wide, medium green, drying medium  yellowish brown, long-acuminate, the lower margins joining at c. 90° angle upon peduncle; spadix stipitate for (1–)2.4–2.8 cm, yellow, bright red in fruit, drying pale greyish brown, matte, 2.5 mm diam., spadix proper red, 5–9 cm long, 6–8 mm diam., 1.2–1.7 cm diam. in fruit including the prominently protruding moderately acute pistils (these extruded 2–3 mm upon dried material). Flowers 7–8 visible per spiral, drying 3–4 mm long, 4.5–5 mm wide, matte.
    Diagnostic
    The species has been confused with Anthurium nymphaeifolium K. Koch & Bouché but only vaguely resembles that species, which has much thicker stems, a whitish or flesh-coloured, mostly sessile or weakly stipitate spadix lacking protruding pistils, a much larger, ± ovate spathe and more deeply cordate leaf blades.

    In some characteristics, Anthurium espinae is similar to A. durangoense Croat, primarily from adjacent Esmeraldas Province of Ecuador but also found in Buenaventura Department of Colombia (Bajo Calima, Croat 70119). However, A. durangoense has a white spadix and leaf blades that dry dark brown and have more prominent glandular punctuations but are on the lower surface not minutely granular as in A. espinae.
    Distribution
    Known only from Colombia (Cauca, Chocó). Most of the collections have been made on Isla Gorgona off the Pacific coast of Cauca, but the species has also been collected on the mainland in Chocó Department near Quibdó.
    Habitat
    Tropical moist forest life zone.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 80 - 190 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Anthurium espinae Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Willdenowia 40: 82 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B., Delannay, X. & Kostelac, C. 2010. New species of Araceae from Colombia. Willdenowia, 40 (1), 63-122.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0