1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus qianningensis (S.L.Zhong) Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Sichuan, Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 100-200 cm long; 2-4 mm diam. Culm-internodes channelled; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 10-40 cm long; 4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 10-17 cm long; 0.7-1 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis. Panicle axis pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 5-25 mm long. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 5-25 mm long; terete; flexible; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1-1.5 mm long; 0.15-0.2 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume lanceolate; 4 mm long; 0.6-0.8 length of spikelet; herbaceous; without keels; 5 -veined.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 5 -veined. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3 mm long; purple.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zhong 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Cenchrus qianningensis (S.L.Zhong) Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106: 129 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0