1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium pulidoae Croat

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Endémica y nativa en Colombia; Alt. 250 - 250 m.; Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Epiphyte; caudex short, rooting at the nodes; internodes short, c. 1 cm diam.; cataphylls membranaceous, persisting semi-intact, eventually as pale fibres, 3.5 cm long. Leaves erect; petiole sulcate at base, c. 11 cm long, 5 mm diam.; blade narrowly elliptic, gradually long-acuminate at apex, acute at base, c. 35 cm long, 9.5 cm wide, 3.6 × longer than wide, 3.3 × as long as petiole, subcoriaceous, drying greyish brown and weakly glossy above, light grey and weakly glossy below; both surfaces of the blades drying matte upon magnification with densely granular surface with a close array of pale short-lineate cellular inclusions; midrib conspicuously raised and drying brown above and below; primary lateral veins 13 pairs, rising at 45–55° angle, weakly raised above and below, drying whitish above; collective veins arising from the 2nd pair of primary lateral veins, 3–5 mm from margin; basal veins 2 weak pairs, free to the base, running into the tip of the petiole. Inflorescences erect; peduncle as thick as petiole, terete, c. 28 cm long, 5 mm diam.; spathe membranaceous, lanceolate, c. 10 cm long, 1.5 cm wide, light green, drying  purplish grey; spadix stipitate for 1–2 mm, cylindrical, c. 8 cm long, 6 mm diam., pink when young, brownish at maturity. Flowers 2.3–2.5 mm long, 2–2.3 mm wide, 6–7 flowers visible per spiral; tepals sparsely pale granular, lateral tepals 1.3–1.4 mm wide, the outer margin 2-sided, inner margin very  broadly rounded; stamens weakly exserted above tepals then withdrawing mostly  beneath the edge of the tepals; anthers 6 mm wide.
    Distribution
    Endemic to Colombia in the Department of Chocó.
    Habitat
    Tropical rain forest life zone.
    Diagnostic
    The species is a member of Anthurium sect. Calomystrium and is characterised by its short stem, short internodes, short, semi-intact cataphylls, sulcate petioles, and especially by its narrowly elliptic grey-brown-drying leaf blades, the pale green, lanceolate spathe and the narrowly cylindroid pink to maroon spadix. Also characteristic are the dense array of short, pale cellular inclusions on both blade surfaces.

    The species is most unusual for Anthurium sect. Calomystrium since most species have more well developed posterior lobes and have thicker and larger cataphylls, which persist intact. In contrast, A. pulidoi has narrowly elliptic blades and small cataphylls, which are in part weathering to fibres. Alternatively the species has the pale, linear cellular inclusions, which are commonly present in A. sect. Calomystrium.

    Anthurium pulidoae is similar to A.  incomptum Madison, a relatively widespread species with leaf blades of similar size and shape as well as a similar colour. That species differs in having the tertiary veins very prominent, the blades drying reddish brown instead of greyish brown and usually longer internodes. In addition, the epidermis of both leaf surfaces of A. incomptum lacks short, pale cellular inclusions and instead the leaf blades often have glossy surfaces upon magnification and frequently have minute dark speckles with the minor veins sometime weakly granular. In contrast, in A. pulidoae both surfaces of the blades dry matte upon magnification and are densely granular with a close array of pale short-lineate cellular inclusions.

    In the Lucid Anthurium key A. pulidoae keys closely to A. bonplandii Bunting, A. ernestii Engl., A. salviniae Hemsl., A. trianae Engl. and A. uleanum Engl. All of these except A. trianae are members of A. sect.  Pachyneurium and all differ in having leaf pyxis involute rather than supervolute. A. trianae differs by its glandular-punctations on the lower leaf surface.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia

    Anthurium pulidoae Croat appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Willdenowia 40: 96 (2010)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B., Delannay, X. & Kostelac, C. 2010. New species of Araceae from Colombia. Willdenowia, 40 (1), 63-122.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0