1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium raimundii Mayo, Haigh & Nadruz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo).

    [KBu]

    Haigh, A., Mayo, S.J. & Coelho, M.A.N. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9269-9

    Type
    Typus : Brazil, Bahia, on the coast road between Alcobaça and Prado, 10 km NW of Alcobaça and 4 km N along road from Rio Itanhentinga, 39°13'W 17°30'S, 15 Jan. 1977, R. M. Harley, S. J. Mayo, R. M. Storr, T. S. Santos & R. S. Pinheiro 17942 (holotypus CEPEC; isotypi K, MO, RB, SPF).
    Habit
    Terrestrial herb with abbreviated to shortly erect stem to 50 × 2.5 (– 5) cm, internodes to 1 cm long, cataphylls persistent, conspicuous, ferrugineous, becoming net-fibrous, 2.5 – 9.6 cm long
    Petiole
    Petiole (2.9 –) 6 – 55 × 0.5 – 1.2 cm, 0.2 – 1.2 × longer than leaf blade, green to vinaceous green, adaxially flattened or shallowly sulcate with distinct, sometimes narrowly winged margins, abaxially rounded, geniculum 0.4 – 1.3 cm
    Leaves
    Leaf blade usually erect, (17.9 –) 30 – 150 × (3.5 –) 7 – 25 cm, 4 – 7 × longer than broad, narrowly elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, fleshy-coriaceous to chartaceous, green drying reddish brown to greyish, abaxially paler, apex acute to sub-obtuse, usually acuminate, base narrowly acute to obtuse, midrib in section adaxially rounded, abaxially triangular with rounded keel, primary lateral veins numerous, poorly differentiated from smaller veins, finer venation obscured when fresh, submarginal collective vein 0.2 – 1.2 cm from margin on each side, margins in-rolled when dry, reddish when young Leaves ± rosulate, erect
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect
    Peduncles
    Peduncle (28 –) 49 – 100 × 0.2 – 1 cm, 1.4 – 9.6 × longer than petiole, 0.6 – 1.5 × longer than leaf, 3.8 – 6.5 × longer than spadix, terete to slightly angled, green, reddish-tinged when young, erect from flowering to fruiting
    Spathe
    Spathe spreading to reflexed, (5.1 –) 6 – 14.3 × 0.6 – 2 cm, 7.5 – 14.3 × longer than broad, 0.5 – 1 × longer than spadix, linear-lanceolate, membranaceous, long-cuspidate, green or tinged with red or purple especially at apex, persistent, decurrency 0.4 – 1.4 cm long
    Spadix
    Spadix erect, (8.5 –) 10 – 25 × 0.4 – 0.8 cm, 16 – 32 × longer than broad, narrowly conic to subcylindric or cylindric, dull green or tinged red-brown to dark purple, sessile or with stipe to 0.2 cm long; flowers 0.17 – 0.21 cm wide, 0.40 – 0.48 times as wide as spadix, style not prominent
    Fruits
    Berries 0.6 × 0.7 cm, broader than long, subglobose, usually formed only in basal part of spadix, apically dull and usually black-purple, sometimes reddish or vinaceous, glossier and purplish basally; seeds 0.4 × 0.4 cm black purple, flattened, subcircular to broadly oblong in profile.
    Distribution
    Endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest region in southern Bahia and northern Espírito Santo states (Map 2).
    Ecology
    Anthurium raimundii is found in coastal restinga and allied vegetation types, including florestaestacionalsemidecidual, campo nativo, and transitions to mata de mussununga. It is a terrestrial plant growing either fully exposed in sandy open areas or in shade within patches of low forest and scrub, where it reaches greater stature; at or near sea level.
    Conservation
    The preliminary IUCN conservation rating is possibly Near Threatened [NT].
    Note
    Anthurium raimundii appears to be closely related to A. gladiifolium Schott and A. petrophilum K. Krause (Mayo 1984). These three species occupy distinct ecological niches, growing respectively as terrestrial plants of coastal restinga and associated vegetation types, as epiphytes of the humid coastal rainforest, and as rupicolous herbs on rocky outcrops in the semiarid interior of Bahia. In A. raimundii, the petiole is rounded abaxially, while in A. petrophilum it is triangular in cross-section with a strong abaxial keel, but the two species are similar in their usually erect leaves. A. raimundii can be clearly differentiated from A. gladiifolium by its terrestrial habit and coastal distribution, darker purple berries and black purple seeds. The usually epiphytic A. gladiifolium has widely spreading leaves which together with the inflorescence become somewhat pendent in large plants; the berries are carmine red and the seeds yellow. All three species possess distinctive coppery-ferrugineous persistent cataphyll remains, usually develop a distinct stem, and have fleshy coriaceous to rigidly chartaceous leaves with a characteristic leaf venation in which the finer veins are mostly completely obscured in living plants. Named for Raimundo Pinheiro, sometime staff member of the Botany Department of the Centro de PesquisasdoCacau, Itabuna (CEPEC).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Anthurium raimundii Mayo, Haigh & Nadruz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2005 Lewis, G.P. [2021], Bahia K000302893
    Jan 1, 2005 Lewis, G.P. [2021], Bahia K000302892
    Jan 1, 2005 Lewis, G.P. [2021], Bahia K000302891
    Apr 1, 1996 Carvalho, A.M. [4509], Bahia K000302728
    Apr 1, 1996 Sant'Ana, S.C. [86], Bahia K000302834
    Mar 1, 1994 Thomas, W.W. [10068], Bahia K000302833
    Mar 1, 1992 Carvalho, A.M. [3127], Bahia K000302814
    Jun 1, 1991 Chautems, A. [253], Bahia K000302726
    Jan 1, 1990 Carvalho, A.M. [2482A], Bahia K000302729
    Jan 1, 1990 Mattos Silva, L.A [2518], Bahia K000302731
    May 1, 1989 Hatschbach, G. [50732], Bahia K000302727
    Jan 1, 1989 Mattos Silva, L.A [2636], Bahia K000302730
    Dec 1, 1986 Hatschbach, G. [48739], Bahia K000302832
    Feb 1, 1984 Carvalho, A.M. [1223], Bahia K000302840
    Oct 1, 1982 Mori, S.A. [10346], Bahia K000302831
    Oct 1, 1982 Mori, S.A. [10346], Bahia K000302830
    Oct 1, 1982 Carvalho, A.M. [928], Bahia K000302839
    Sep 1, 1982 Carvalho, A.M. [928], Bahia K000302829
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [18168], Bahia K000302838
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [18168], Bahia K000302837
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17141], Bahia K000302828
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17813], Bahia K000302820
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17813], Bahia K000302821
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17813], Bahia K000302822
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17813], Bahia K000302823
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17942], Bahia K000302815 isotype
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17942], Bahia K000302816 isotype
    Apr 1, 1982 Harley, R.M. [17942], Bahia K000302817
    Apr 1, 1982 Erskine, C.M. [184], Bahia K000302824
    Apr 1, 1982 Mori, S.A. [10446], Bahia K000302835
    Apr 1, 1982 Mori, S.A. [10446], Bahia K000302836
    Apr 1, 1982 Mattos Silva, L.A [847], Bahia K000302827
    Apr 1, 1982 Vinha, S.C. [164], Bahia K000302818
    Apr 1, 1982 Vinha, S.C. [164], Bahia K000302819
    Mar 1, 1982 Erskine, C.M. [E184], Bahia K000302826
    Mar 1, 1982 Erskine, C.M. [E184], Bahia K000302825
    Harley, R.M. [17942], Brazil 47739.000

    First published in Kew Bull. 66: 125 (2011)

    Accepted by

    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Andrade, I. M., Mayo, S. J. & França, F. (2006). Araceae. In: A. M. Giulietti, A. Conceição & L. P. Queiroz (eds), Diversidade e Caracterização das Fanerógamas do Semi-ÁridoBrasileiro 1: 52 – 55, AssociaçãoPlantas do Nordeste, Recife, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Temponi, L. G. (2006). Sistemática de Anthurium sect. Urospadix (Araceae). Ph.D. thesis, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Harley, R. M. & Giulietti, A. M. (2004). Wild Flowers of the Chapada Diamantina. São Carlos, Rima, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Nadruz Coelho, M. A. (2004). Taxonomia e biogeografia das espécies do gênero Anthurium (Araceae) SeçãoUrospadixSubseçãoFlavescentiviridia. Ph.D. Thesis, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Bogner, J. & Gonçalves, E. G. (2002). Two new aroids from South America. Willdenowia 32: 323 – 329.Google Scholar
    • Hammer, Ø., Harper, D. A. T. & Ryan, P. D. (2001). PAST: Palaeontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis. PalaeontologiaElectonica 4: 9 pp. http://folk.uio.no/ohammer/past.
    • Sakuragui, C. M. & Mayo, S. J. (1999). A new species of Anthurium (Araceae) from south-eastern Brazil. FeddesRepert. 110: 535 – 539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1995). Araceae. In: B. L. Stannard, Flora of the Pico das Almas, pp. 648 – 649. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1990). Problems of speciation, biogeography and systematics in some Araceae of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. In: S. Watanabe, Anais do II Simpósio de Ecossistemas da Costa Sul e SudesteBrasileira, São Paulo, Brazil 1: 235 – 258. Academia de Ciências do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1986). Araceae. In: R. M. Harley & N. A.Simmons, Florula of Mucugê, Chapada Diamantina – Bahia, Brazil, pp. 21 – 23. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1984). Aspectos da Fitogeografia das AráceasBahianas. Anais do XXXIV Congresso Nacional de Botanica, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil 2: 215 – 227.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1983). Araceae. In: S. A. Mori, B. M. Boom, A. M. de Carvalho & T. S. dos Santos, Southern Bahian Moist Forests. Bot. Rev. 49: 209 – 210.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J. (1978a). Aroid-hunting in Bahia. Aroideana 1: 4 – 10.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1978b). A new species of Anthurium (Araceae) from Bahia, Brazil. Bradea 2: 281 – 286.Google Scholar
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Nadruz Coelho, M.A. (2010). A família Araceae na reserva natural Vale, Linhares, Espírito Santo, Brasil Boletim do Museu de Biologia Mello Leitão, n.s., 28: 41-87.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0