1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Anthurium talmonii Mayo & Haigh

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (C. Bahia).

    [KBu]

    Haigh, A., Mayo, S.J. & Coelho, M.A.N. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 123. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9269-9

    Type
    Typus: Brazil, Bahia, 15 Feb. 1977, R. M. Harley, S. J. Mayo, R. M. Storr, T. S. Santos & R. S. Pinheiro 18720 (holotypus CEPEC; isotypi B, K, M, MO, RB, US).
    Habit
    Rupicolous herb, stem erect, to 7 cm long; internodes short, 0.1 – 0.5 cm long, 1 – 4 cm in diameter; roots numerous, forming a dense mass
    Cataphylls
    Cataphylls persistent, 3 – 5.5 cm long, becoming fibrous, brown
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole 2.5 – 17 cm long, 0.4 – 0.8 cm in diam., 0.1 – 0.4 × longer than blade, triangular in cross-section, upper surface flat-sulcate, margins sharply-angled, sharply keeled to narrowly winged below, dirty green coloured Leaf blade 16 – 37 cm long, 3 – 7.5 cm wide, 4 – 7 × longer than broad, narrowly elliptic or oblong to obovate, dull darkish green on both sides, slightly paler below, thick, stiffly coriaceous, brittle, with reddish margins when young; venation ± obscured on both surfaces when fresh, slightly prominent when dry, apex obtuse to rounded, mucronate, base acute to narrowly acute, occasionally rounded; midrib in cross-section adaxially rounded, abaxially triangular with a sharply angled keel, primary lateral veins numerous, departing from the midrib at 20 – 50°, barely differentiated from finer veins, collective vein 0.3 – 1 cm from margin
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence ± erect
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 30 – 70 cm long, longer in fruit, 0.2 – 0.5 cm in diam., 4 – 12 × longer than petiole, 4 – 10 × longer than spadix, glaucous, dark green to red
    Spathe
    Spathe 4 – 10 cm long, 0.6 – 1.5 cm wide, narrowly oblong to linear, membranaceous, greenish-brown to red, sometimes greener abaxially, oblong-lanceolate, reflexed
    Spadix
    Spadix 4 – 8 (– 16) cm long, 0.3 – 0.6 cm in diam., 10 – 25 × longer than broad, dark-brown to blackish purple, sessile or with stipe to 4 mm long, cylindric to tapered; flowers 0.20 – 0.22 cm wide, 0.42 times as wide as spadix, pollen buff-cream, style not prominent
    Fruits
    Berries broadly ovate to oblong with rounded and flattened apex, 0.5 – 0.7 cm long, 0.5 cm broad apically, 0.3 cm broad at the base, dark red, apex rounded, darker and dull
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 per fruit, 0.5 cm long, 0.3 cm wide, ± oblong, plano-convex, pale yellowish.
    Distribution
    Endemic to the municipalities of Mucugê and Andaraí, Chapada Diamantina, interior of Bahia state, Brazil (Map 2).
    Ecology
    Anthurium talmonii is a lithophyte so far known only in campo rupestre vegetation of the mountain region between Andaraí and Mucugê on the eastern side of the Chapada Diamantina in central Bahia. The conduplicate, rigid leaves are a notable feature, probably an adaptation to high light intensity in seasonally arid conditions. This species occurs on fully exposed rock outcrops between cushions of other terrestrial monocots including A. erskinei Mayo, Bromeliaceae and Velloziaceae; 700 and 1,000 m.
    Conservation
    The preliminary IUCN conservation rating is Endangered [EN], due to the fact that this species is a very narrow endemic with a very small area of occupancy.
    Note
    Named for Talmon Soares dos Santos of the Botany Department of the Centro de Pesquisas do Cacau, Itabuna (CEPEC), who first discovered this species in 1977, in recognition of his great contribution to knowledge of the Bahian flora, especially of the Atlantic Forest region. Anthurium petrophilum and A. minarumSakur. & Mayo (Sakuragui & Mayo 1999) are two other species known respectively from inselberg vegetation of the interior of Bahia state and the campo rupestre vegetation of neighbouring Minas Gerais state. These share with A. talmonii narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate or linear leaves and oblong-linear reflexed spathes on long peduncles; they differ however as follows: A. petrophilum usually has a well-developed aerial stem (rather than embedded in rock crevices as in A. talmonii), a slightly paler, brown- to green-purple spadix and berries which are white basally and black-purple at the apex and slightly larger (0.7 – 0.9 cm long). A. minarum differs from A. talmonii in the cataphylls persisting entire and membranaceous, the petiole rounded abaxially with rounded adaxial margins, and the presence of dark (sometimes concolorous) punctations scattered over the abaxial surface of the leaf blade.
    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Diagnostic

    Anthurium petrophilum and A. minarum Sakur. & Mayo (Sakuragui & Mayo 1999) are two other species known respectively from inselberg vegetation of the interior of Bahia state and the campo rupestre vegetation of neighbouring Minas Gerais state. These share with A. talmonii narrowly elliptic, lanceolate, oblanceolate or linear leaves and oblong-linear reflexed spathes on long peduncles; they differ however as follows: A. petrophilum usually has a well developed aerial stem (rather than embedded in rock crevices as in A. talmonii), a slightly paler, brown- to green-purple spadix and berries which are white basally and black-purple at the apex and slightly larger (0.7 – 0.9 cm long). A. minarum differs from A. talmonii in the cataphylls persisting entire and membranaceous, the petiole rounded abaxially with rounded adaxial margins, and the presence of dark (sometimes concolorous) punctations scattered over the abaxial surface of the leaf blade.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Anthurium talmonii Mayo & Haigh appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1991 Queiroz, L.P. [1849], Bahia K000302897
    Jan 1, 1990 Noblick, L.R. [2865], Bahia K000302898
    Jan 1, 1990 Mattos Silva, L.A [2791], Bahia K000302899
    May 1, 1987 Arraes, M.G. [CFCR7017], Bahia K000302896
    Nov 1, 1984 Hatschbach, G. [47899], Bahia K000302903
    Nov 1, 1984 Hatschbach, G. [47533], Bahia K000302895
    Jun 1, 1983 Furlan, A. [CFCR1577], Bahia K000302901
    Jun 1, 1983 Furlan, A. [CFCR1577], Bahia K000302900
    Jan 1, 1983 Giulietti, A.M. [CFCR1434], Bahia K000302902
    Harley, R.M. [18720], Brazil 46963.000
    Harley, R.M. [18720], Brazil 47737.000 Unknown type material
    Harley, R. [18720], Brazil K000501791 isotype
    Harley, R. [18720], Brazil K000501792 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 66: 126 (2011)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Andrade, I. M., Mayo, S. J. & França, F. (2006). Araceae. In: A. M. Giulietti, A. Conceição & L. P. Queiroz (eds), Diversidade e Caracterização das Fanerógamas do Semi-ÁridoBrasileiro 1: 52 – 55, AssociaçãoPlantas do Nordeste, Recife, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Temponi, L. G. (2006). Sistemática de Anthurium sect. Urospadix (Araceae). Ph.D. thesis, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Harley, R. M. & Giulietti, A. M. (2004). Wild Flowers of the Chapada Diamantina. São Carlos, Rima, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Nadruz Coelho, M. A. (2004). Taxonomia e biogeografia das espécies do gênero Anthurium (Araceae) SeçãoUrospadixSubseçãoFlavescentiviridia. Ph.D. Thesis, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.Google Scholar
    • Bogner, J. & Gonçalves, E. G. (2002). Two new aroids from South America. Willdenowia 32: 323 – 329.Google Scholar
    • Hammer, Ø., Harper, D. A. T. & Ryan, P. D. (2001). PAST: Palaeontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis. PalaeontologiaElectonica 4: 9 pp. http://folk.uio.no/ohammer/past.
    • Sakuragui, C. M. & Mayo, S. J. (1999). A new species of Anthurium (Araceae) from south-eastern Brazil. FeddesRepert. 110: 535 – 539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1995). Araceae. In: B. L. Stannard, Flora of the Pico das Almas, pp. 648 – 649. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1990). Problems of speciation, biogeography and systematics in some Araceae of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. In: S. Watanabe, Anais do II Simpósio de Ecossistemas da Costa Sul e SudesteBrasileira, São Paulo, Brazil 1: 235 – 258. Academia de Ciências do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1986). Araceae. In: R. M. Harley & N. A.Simmons, Florula of Mucugê, Chapada Diamantina – Bahia, Brazil, pp. 21 – 23. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1984). Aspectos da Fitogeografia das AráceasBahianas. Anais do XXXIV Congresso Nacional de Botanica, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil 2: 215 – 227.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1983). Araceae. In: S. A. Mori, B. M. Boom, A. M. de Carvalho & T. S. dos Santos, Southern Bahian Moist Forests. Bot. Rev. 49: 209 – 210.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J. (1978a). Aroid-hunting in Bahia. Aroideana 1: 4 – 10.Google Scholar
    • Mayo, S. J.  (1978b). A new species of Anthurium (Araceae) from Bahia, Brazil. Bradea 2: 281 – 286.Google Scholar
    CATE Araceae
    • Haigh, A., Mayo, S.Joseph & Coelho, M.A.Nadruz Four new species of Anthurium (Araceae) from Bahia, Brazil. 66, (2011).

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0