1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris alticola (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; short-lived; cushion forming. Butt sheaths light brown; glabrous. Glands absent. Culms geniculately ascending; 10-30 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches sparse. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades curled; filiform; convolute; 3-8 cm long; 0.2-0.5 mm wide; firm, or flaccid; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy abaxially; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex obtuse, or acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 3-20 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 1.5-3 cm long; 1-2 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches eglandular; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; light brown; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1.6-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; light brown; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy at base. Lemma margins eciliate, or ciliate; hairy at base. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.3 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 7-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 1.5-3 mm long; equalling glumes; shorter than principal.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris alticola (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Linder, H.P. [4400], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719552
    Linder, H.P. [4486], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719553
    Esterhuysen, E. [11001], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719554
    Esterhuysen, E. [33384], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719555
    Esterhuysen, E. [28359], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719556
    Esterhuysen, E. [28595], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719557
    Esterhuysen, E. [35722], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719558
    Esterhuysen, E. [28617], South Africa Pentaschistis alticola K000719559

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 330 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0