1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris ampla (Nees) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths herbaceous; pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands elongated. Culms 40-70 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 30 cm long; 1-6 mm wide; flaccid; glandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 7-17 cm long; 6-17 cm wide. Panicle branches glabrous in axils, or pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.4-4.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.4-4.6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3.4-4.6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough above. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 3.4-4.6 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous; rough above. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma midvein eciliate, or ciliate. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins eciliate, or ciliate. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 3 -fid; muticous. Palea surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy on back.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.5-2.2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris ampla (Nees) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2010 Linder, H.P. [5062], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719282
    Jul 1, 2010 Linder, H.P. [5062], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719283
    Pillans, N.S. [8264], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719296
    Pillans, N.S. [6753], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719309
    Garside, S. [1393], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719306
    Burchell [817], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719295
    Burchell [4847], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719310
    Harvey [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719312
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367141
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367142
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367143
    Drege [s.n], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367144
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367145
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000367146
    Rodin, R.J. [3244], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719307
    Acocks, J.P.H. [14062], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719287
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20304], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719288
    Acocks, J.P.H. [24529], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719289
    Adamson, R.S. [2772], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719285
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [13601], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719290
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [35603], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719291
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [30025], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719292
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [33107], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719293
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [15091], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719303
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [9767], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719304
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [13738], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719305
    Fourcade, H.G. [1139], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719308
    Thom [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719313
    Thom [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719314
    Cleghorn, W.B. [2490], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719294
    Ryves, T.B. [SA03/005], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719284
    s.coll. [2357], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719297
    s.coll. [7212], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719301
    s.coll. [9900], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719302
    s.coll. [287], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719311
    s.coll. [7212], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719315
    Gordon-Gray, K.D. [6337], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719280
    Barker, W.D. [7273], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719281
    Drewe, P.B. [349], South Africa Pentaschistis ampla K000719286

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 330 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0