1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris aurea (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands elongated. Culms 30-70 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 35 cm long; 1-5 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100-150 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 6-14 cm long; 5-12 cm wide. Panicle branches glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow, or mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough at apex. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4-5 mm long; 1-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow, or mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough at apex. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or villous. Lemma apex dentate; 3 -fid; muticous. Palea surface glabrous, or villous. Palea apex dentate; 3 -fid.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-3 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho

    Pentameris aurea (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Webster, M.M. [N3736], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719459
    Taylor, H.C. [4575], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719454
    Linder, H.P. [4675], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719474
    Linder, H.P. [4660], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719475
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000367118
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20339], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719456
    Hilliard, O.M. [11785], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719463
    Hilliard, O.M. [14046], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719464
    Hilliard, O.M. [14890], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719465
    Hilliard, O.M. [15238], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719466
    Hilliard, O.M. [15253], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719467
    Hilliard, O.M. [15254], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719468
    Hilliard, O.M. [15333], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719469
    Hilliard, O.M. [18130], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719470
    Hilliard, O.M. [18682], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719477
    Hilliard, O.M. [17458], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719478
    Hilliard, O.M. [17253/A], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719479
    Hilliard, O.M. [17307], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719480
    Ecklon, U.J. [915], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000367119 Unknown type material
    Levyns [1487], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719455
    Killick, D.J.B. [2340], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719460
    West, O. [791], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719458
    Ellis, R.P. [03162 (01936)], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719471
    Ellis, R.P. [03162 (01936)], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719472
    Ellis, R.P. [03159 (01938)], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719473
    s.coll. [9972], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719457
    DuToit, P.C.V. [697], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719481
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2307], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719482
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2321], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719483
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2323], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719484
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2322], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719485
    Killick, D.J.B., Vahrmeyer, J. [3807], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719461
    Butter, L. [5163], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719462
    Story, K. [3839], South Africa Pentaschistis aurea K000719476

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 330 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0