1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris capensis (Nees) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent. Culms rambling; 30-35 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 12 cm long; 4 mm wide; flaccid; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 60 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 5-12 cm long; 3-5 cm wide. Panicle branches eglandular; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.8-1 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 6-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 6-9 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous to villous; hairy all along, or in the middle. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lanceolate lobes; with lobes 1 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; curved; spreading; 15-23 mm long overall; without a column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 6-10 mm long; exserted; shorter than principal. Palea 1.1 length of lemma. Palea keels puberulous. Palea apex with excurrent keel veins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.7 mm long; yellow, or brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris capensis (Nees) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Esterhuysen, E. [9554], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719775
    Schlechter [9520], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719777
    Marloth, R. [5368], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719776
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000367088
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000367089 Unknown type material
    Rodin, R.J. [3245], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719780
    Boucher, C. [2075], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719782
    Williams, I. [3633], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719781
    Wolley Dod, A.H. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719779
    Schlecter, R. [9520], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719771
    s.coll. [6969], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719772
    s.coll. [6969], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719773
    Haynes, R.A. [873], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719774
    Kruger, I.J. [305], South Africa Pentaschistis capensis K000719778

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 331 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0