1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris capillaris (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 8-40 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths hirsute; with simple hairs, or tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5 cm long; 5 mm wide; flaccid; glandular. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; glabrous, or ciliate. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100-300 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 4-10 cm long; 3-8 cm wide. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous; rough generally. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 3 mm long; 1.6-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough generally. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 1.5-2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex entire; truncate; muticous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.5-2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris capillaris (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000367158 Unknown type material
    Pillans, N.S. [7938], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719132
    Pearson, H.H.W. [6761], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719135
    Acocks, J.P.H. [1647], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719136
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20666], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719137
    Acocks, J.P.H. [24150], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719138
    s.coll. [11310], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719134
    Rehm, D. [374], South Africa Pentaschistis capillaris K000719133

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 331 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0