1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris caulescens (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Butt sheaths glabrous. Glands absent. Culms rambling; 15-30 cm long; 30 -noded. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3-5 cm long; 1-2 mm wide; stiff; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-10 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 3-5 cm long; 2-4 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches eglandular; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth; puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 8-12 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 8-12 mm long; 2.5-4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; much thinner above; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 16-19 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 6-8 mm long; exserted; shorter than principal. Palea keels puberulous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris caulescens (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 332 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0