1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris chippindalliae (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Northern Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Glands absent. Culms 30-50 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 20 cm long; 0.5 mm wide; stiff; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 50 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 7-9 cm long; 5-8 cm wide. Panicle branches eglandular; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.2 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4.5-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4.5-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4.5-7.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4.5-7.5 mm long; 1.8-2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.5 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 7-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 2-3 mm long; equalling glumes, or enclosed by glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 3 mm long; yellow, or brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Northern Provinces

    Pentameris chippindalliae (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1172], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719700
    Codd, L.E. [6465], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719703
    Linder, H.P. [4711], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719698
    Linder, H.P. [4714], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719699
    Gerstner [6117], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719701
    Gerstner [6117], South Africa Pentaschistis chippindalliae K000719702

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 332 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0