1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris colorata (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; cushion forming, or mat forming. Stolons present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent. Culms 3-60 cm long; 15-30 -noded. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse, or ample. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades curled; filiform; convolute; 15-30 cm long; 0.3-1 mm wide; stiff; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 4-25 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 5-12 cm long; 2-6 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches eglandular; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1-1.5 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 8-13 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 8-13 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4-5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy on veins. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 1.5-2 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 13-21 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 5-9 mm long; equalling glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2.5-4 mm long; brown, or purple.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris colorata (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Muir, J. [3505], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719504
    Crook, A.O. [2269], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719532
    Hutchinson, J. [1023], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719533
    Taylor, H.C. [6571], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719516
    Taylor, H.C. [3892], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719517
    Taylor, H.C. [6028], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719518
    Linder, H.P. [4341], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719486
    Linder, H.P. [4356], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719487
    Linder, H.P. [4239], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719488
    Esterhuysen, E. [27515], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719505
    Esterhuysen, E. [32307], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719506
    Esterhuysen, E. [34825], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719507
    Esterhuysen, E. [28603], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719508
    Esterhuysen, E. [29866], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719526
    Esterhuysen, E. [34725], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719527
    Esterhuysen, E. [28026], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719528
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367109
    Zeyher [4344], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367110 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367111
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367112
    Ecklon [931], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367113 Unknown type material
    Acocks, J.P.H. [16100], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719501
    Acocks, J.P.H. [23031], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719509
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19848], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719510
    Wilms, F. [3864], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719494
    Rogers, F.A. [11064], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719503
    MacOwan [1697], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719502
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [2952], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367114
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [3388], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000367115
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [3001], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719495
    Bolus, F. [14769], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719492
    Hanekom, W.J. [659], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719522
    Sandwith, C. [71], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719490
    Sandwith, C. [144], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719491
    Boucher, C. [1672], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719500
    Boucher, C. [560], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719515
    Boucher, C. [2644], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719529
    Boucher, C. [1998], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719530
    Boucher, C. [1998], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719535
    Boucher, C. [1919], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719531
    Zeyher [3142], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719496
    Zeyher [3138], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719497
    Orchard, E.R. [250], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719514
    Ellis, R.P. [2296], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719524
    Ellis, R.P. [2296], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719525
    Schlechter, R. [5421], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719489
    Schlechter, R. [1769], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719498
    Alexander, R.C. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719534
    vanRensburg, W.L.J. [235], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719511
    vanRensburg, W.L.J. [237], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719512
    vanRensburg, W.L.J. [496], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719513
    Kruger, F.J. [492], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719521
    [Hooker?] [87], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719493
    Rehem, S. [701], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719499
    R.N. Parker [4809], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719519
    R.N. Parker [4651], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719520
    Hugo, L. [1867], South Africa Pentaschistis colorata K000719523

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 332 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0