1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris dentata (L.f.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms 3-43 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 1.5-10.5 cm long; 0.5-3 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 0.5-7.5 cm long. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled, or sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.2-5.2 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 3.2-5.2 mm long; 1-1.2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; asymmetrical; 3.2-5.2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume primary vein with pectinate knobs. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 3.2-5.2 mm long; 1.1-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; with membranous margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein with pectinate knobs. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-4.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate. Palea surface pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris dentata (L.f.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33394], South Africa Prionanthium dentatum K000309865
    Jan 1, 1987 Gouan [s.n.], South Africa Prionanthium dentatum K000367246 isotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Ellis, R.P. [2452], South Africa Prionanthium dentatum K000309866
    Linder, H.P. [5430], South Africa Prionanthium dentatum K000309864

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 332 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0