1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris galpinii (Stapf) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; cushion forming. Stolons present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 15-30 cm long; 4 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 6-18 cm long; 2-8 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade margins glandular; smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 70 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; elliptic; 2-5 cm long; 1-3 cm wide. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.75 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; glabrous, or puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1.3-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma surface villous; hairy at base. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 0-4 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 0-0.5 mm long; enclosed by glumes; shorter than principal.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.6 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho

    Pentameris galpinii (Stapf) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 11, 1959 Webster, M.M. [481], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719157
    Feb 11, 1959 Webster, M.M. [496], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719158
    Webster, M.M. [498], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719159
    Galpin, E.E. [6915], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000367156 Unknown type material
    Manning, J.C. [17251], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719163
    Hilliard, O.M. [9657], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719164
    Hilliard, O.M. [16392], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719165
    West, O. [1728], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719169
    Vahrmeijer, J. [37486], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719170
    Guillarmod, A.J. [2347], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719160
    Smook, L. [7126], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719161
    McClean [296], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719166
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2627], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719144
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2628], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719145
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2629], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719146
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2652], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719147
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2661], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719148
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2262], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719149
    DuToit, P.C.V. [659], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719150
    DuToit, P.C.V. [660], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719151
    DuToit, P.C.V. [663], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719152
    DuToit, P.C.V. [668], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719153
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2249], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719154
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2252], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719155
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2271], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719156
    Hoener, F.K. [1726c], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719167
    Panagos, M.D. [39], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719162
    Roberts, B.A. [3533], South Africa Pentaschistis galpinii K000719168

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 332 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0