1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris malouinensis (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Stolons present. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent. Culms geniculately ascending; 15-30 cm long; 5-10 -noded. Lateral branches ample. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; flat, or convolute; 15 cm long; 0.5 mm wide; flaccid; eglandular. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-50 fertile spikelets. Panicle open, or contracted; oblong; 2-8 cm long; 0.5-3 cm wide. Panicle branches eglandular; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular; smooth.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow, or mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow, or mid-green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy on veins. Lemma apex entire; acute; muticous. Palea keels ciliate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-2.2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 1992.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris malouinensis (Steud.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Webster, M.M. [N57], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719600
    Bolus, L. [14932], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719619
    Lehman [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719634
    Burchell [6645], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000367100
    Burchell [6953], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000367101
    Harvey [149], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719632
    Brenan, J.P.M. [14039], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719615
    Brenan, J.P.M. [14039], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719616
    Esterhuysen, E. [19399], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719604
    Esterhuysen, E. [19399], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719605
    Esterhuysen, E. [9979], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719606
    Esterhuysen, E. [6759], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719607
    Esterhuysen, E. [13352], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719625
    Esterhuysen, E. [6887], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719640
    Schlechter [9304], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719635
    Parker, R.N. [4686], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719609
    Parker, R.N. [4710], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719641
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719636
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719637
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719638
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719639
    Ecklon [949], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000367102 Unknown type material
    Rogers, F.A. [29202], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719621
    Rogers, F.A. [30449], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719622
    Adamson, R.S. [1639], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719610
    Adamson, R.S. [1637], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719645
    Adamson, R.S. [1637], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719646
    Fourcade, H.G. [1929], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719608
    Fourcade, H.G. [2835], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719620
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [6678], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719613
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [7818], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719614
    Prior, A. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719624
    Wooley-Dod, A.H. [2124], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719633
    Sandwith, C. [112], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719631
    Williams, I. [3162], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719602
    Ellis, R.P. [2859], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719617
    Ellis, R.P. [2346], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719618
    Galpin, N.L. [162], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719599
    Schlechter, R. [5989], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719626
    Schlechter, R. [9450], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719627
    Schlechter, R. [9374], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719628
    Schlechter, R. [7236], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719629
    Taylor, H.G. [3218], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719611
    Taylor, H.G. [5582], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719612
    Rehm, S. [612], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719642
    Rehm, S. [809], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719643
    Acocks, J.P.H. [21737], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719623
    Lamb, A.J. [136], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719603
    Kruger, F.J. [KR251], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719601
    Pilland, N.S. [13470], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719630
    Williams, S.L. [1023], South Africa Pentaschistis malouinensis K000719644

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 333 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0