1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris oreodoxa (Schweick.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; cushion forming, or caespitose. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent, or raised crateriform. Culms 20-50 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; eglandular, or glandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 200 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 7-10 cm long; 7-20 cm wide. Panicle branches glabrous in axils, or bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; glabrous, or puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; eglandular, or glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 1.3-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; eglandular, or glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy on veins. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 1-3 mm long; exserted, or equalling glumes, or enclosed by glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-2.2 mm long; yellow.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho

    Pentameris oreodoxa (Schweick.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 10, 1959 Webster, M.M. [423], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719192
    Feb 11, 1959 Webster, M.M. [495], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719190
    Feb 11, 1959 Webster, M.M. [497], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719191
    Dec 1, 1936 Bayer [273], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000367148 Unknown type material
    Hutchinson, J. [4588], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719203
    Galpin, E.E. [2629], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719193
    Guillarmod, J. [158], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719200
    Davidse, G. [6989], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719204
    Acocks, J.P.H. [22217], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719196
    Acocks, J.P.H. [23802], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719197
    Hilliard, O.M. [18353], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719207
    Hilliard, O.M. [17252], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719208
    Hilliard, O.M. [15016], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719209
    Hilliard, O.M. [12486], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719210
    Hilliard, O.M. [17512], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719211
    Hilliard, O.M. [17513], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719212
    Hilliard, O.M. [17591], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719213
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [7981], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719188
    Killick, D.J.B. [374761], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719201
    Killick, D.J.B. [2271], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719202
    Killick, D.J.B. [1300], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719215
    West, O. [795], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719205
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [7197], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719189
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [6930], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719214
    Ellis, R.P. [03153 (01938)], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719199
    Ellis, R.P. [03153 (01938)], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719198
    DuToit, P.C.V. [647], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719216
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2278], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719217
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2197], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719218
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2205], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719219
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2215], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719220
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2245], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719221
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2260], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719222
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2261], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719223
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2263], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719224
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2269], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719225
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2274], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719226
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2277], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719227
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2281], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719228
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2285], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719229
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2290], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719230
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2291], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719231
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2292], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719232
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2292A], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719233
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2304], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719234
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2306], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719235
    DuToit, P.C.V. [645], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719236
    DuToit, P.C.V. [664], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719237
    DuToit, P.C.V. [690], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719238
    DuToit, P.C.V. [691], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719239
    DuToit, P.C.V. [693], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719240
    DuToit, P.C.V. [694], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719241
    DuToit, P.C.V. [666], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719242
    DuToit, P.C.V. [677], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719243
    Acocks, J.P.H. [12195], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719194
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20780], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719195
    Troll, C. [6042], South Africa Pentaschistis oreodoxa K000719206

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 334 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0