1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris pallida (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands absent, or raised crateriform. Culms 15-40 cm long; 2-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute; with simple hairs, or tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 10 cm long; 5 mm wide; flaccid; eglandular, or glandular. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 30-100 fertile spikelets. Panicle open, or contracted; elliptic; 2-8 cm long; 1-7 cm wide. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.7-1 length of fertile spikelet; eglandular, or glandular; smooth, or scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 3-5 mm long; 1.5-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma surface villous; hairy at base. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.1 mm long; truncate; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-7 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 2 mm long; exserted, or equalling glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous, or villous; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.5-2 mm long; yellow, or brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Introduced into:

    California, South Australia, Western Australia

    Pentameris pallida (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1482], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702992
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1493], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702993
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1488], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702994
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1486], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702995
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1459], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702996
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1491], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702997
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1458], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702999
    Jan 1, 1999 DuToit, P.C.V. [1451], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719003
    Muir, J. [3511], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702986
    Muir, J. [3515], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702987
    Muir, J. [3516], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719022
    Pillans, N.S. [8632], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719005
    Pillans, N.S. [8743], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719006
    Webster, M.M. [54], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719024
    Taylor, H.C. [6141], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719014
    Taylor, H.C. [10250], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719025
    Taylor, H.C. [10250], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719026
    Bolus, L. [14741], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702990
    Bolus, L. [14741], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702991
    Burchell [4150], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367187
    Burchell [6328], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719027
    Burchell [6685], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719028
    Burchell [6685], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719029
    Burchell [6762], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719030
    Burchell [6762], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719031
    Linder, H.P. [4583], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702973
    Linder, H.P. [4437], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702974
    Linder, H.P. [4438], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719004
    Linder, H.P. [5047], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719007
    Linder, H.P. [4818], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719008
    Linder, H.P. [4412], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719009
    Linder, H.P. [4412], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719010
    Linder, H.P. [4434], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719011
    Linder, H.P. [4459], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719012
    Cole [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702965
    Esterhuysen, E. [19714], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719015
    Esterhuysen, E. [35723], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719032
    Pearson, H.H.W. [3333], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719035
    Pearson, H.H.W. [5836], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719039
    Pearson, H.H.W. [5765], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719040
    Zeyher [2577], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367184
    Zeyher [4531], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367188 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367181
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367182
    Drege [2584], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367183 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367186
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367185
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367190 Unknown type material
    Acocks, J.P.H. [16552], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702975
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20006], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702976
    Acocks, J.P.H. [9403], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719023
    Acocks, J.P.H. [14994], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719034
    Bolus, H. [700], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367189
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [30011], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702970
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [27981], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702971
    Esterhuysen, E.E. [30477], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702972
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [2064], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000367191
    Fourcade, H.G. [1698], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702988
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [3821], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702977
    Boivin [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702979
    Boivin [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702980
    Thom [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719018
    Gill [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702967
    Glass, J. [769], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702981
    Glass, J. [769], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702982
    Archibald, E.E.A. [5689], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702978
    Sandwith, C. [151], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719013
    Zeyher [1826], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702966
    Moffett, R.O. [549], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702968
    Listner, O.A. [745], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719033
    Galpin, N.L. [166], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702969
    Schlechter, R. [1752], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702989
    Schlechter, R. [5936], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719017
    Schlechter, R. [6060], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719019
    Schlechter, R. [5610], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719020
    Schlechter, R. [5936], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719021
    s.coll. [09], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702983
    s.coll. [1296], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702984
    s.coll. [1296], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702985
    s.coll. [119], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719016
    s.coll. [11341], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719037
    s.coll. [11237], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719038
    DuToit, P.C.V. [1481], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000702998
    DuToit, P.C.V. [1452], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719001
    DuToit, P.C.V. [1453], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719002
    DeWinter [9015], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000719036
    Kruger, I. [872], South Africa Pentaschistis pallida K000703000

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 334 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0