1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris pholiuroides (Stapf) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 5-30 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 1-4 cm long; 0.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; unilateral; 1.5-5 cm long. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume oblong; 4.5-7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5-8 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or tuberculate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 4.5-7 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5-8 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or tuberculate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 4-6.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate. Rhachilla extension 0.1 length of fertile floret.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris pholiuroides (Stapf) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33983], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309868
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [34048], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309869
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33459], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309870
    Jan 1, 1987 Parker, R.N. [3745], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309874
    Jan 1, 1987 Woolley Dod [3394], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000367249 holotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Rehm, S. [s.n.], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309872
    Jan 1, 1987 Anderson, R.J. [8], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309873
    Rehm, S. [s.n.], South Africa Prionanthium pholiuroides K000309871

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 334 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0