1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris reflexa (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; persisting; cushion forming, or mat forming. Stolons present. Butt sheaths light brown. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 10-35 cm long; 10 -noded. Lateral branches ample. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 3 cm long; 1.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 10-150 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 2-6 cm long; 1.5-3 cm wide. Panicle branches pubescent in axils. Spikelets deflexed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.75 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 3-4 mm long; 1.8-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 1.6-2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy below; with clavate hairs. Lemma apex entire, or erose; acute; muticous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.1-2 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris reflexa (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pillans, N.S. [7360], South Africa Pentaschistis reflexa K000719172
    Linder [4531], South Africa Pentaschistis reflexa K000367155
    Linder [4531], South Africa Pentaschistis reflexa K000719174 Unknown type material
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2043], South Africa Pentaschistis reflexa K000719173

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 335 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0