1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris setifolia (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Glands absent, or raised crateriform. Culms 15-40 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or hirsute; with simple hairs, or tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades curled; filiform; convolute; 30 cm long; 0.8 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hirsute; hairy abaxially; with simple hairs, or tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 3-7 cm long; 2-5 cm wide. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; eglandular, or glandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 3.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; eglandular, or glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 3.5-5 mm long; 1.2-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; eglandular, or glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous; hairy all along, or below. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous. Palea 0.9 length of lemma. Palea keels puberulous; adorned above. Rhachilla extension 0-0.05 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 1.6-2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho

    Pentameris setifolia (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Smook, L. [7131], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719269
    Jan 1, 1990 Smook, L. [7299], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719270
    Jan 1, 1990 Braun, K.P. [1022], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719268
    Jan 1, 1967 Esterhuysen, E. [28147], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719259
    Apr 10, 1959 Webster, M.M. [N4136], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719254
    Apr 8, 1959 Webster, M.M. [N391a], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719253
    Roberts [5816], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719244
    Linder, H.P. [4566], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719257
    Linder, H.P. [4653], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719258
    Esterhuysen, E. [34844], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719260
    Pearson, H.H.W. [6358], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719298
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000367147
    Acocks, J.P.H. [20164], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719256
    Acocks, J.P.H. [13172], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719299
    Hilliard, O.M. [17178], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719251
    Hilliard, O.M. [17109], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719252
    Hilliard, O.M. [16490], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719261
    Hilliard, O.M. [17707], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719272
    Dieterlen [585], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719277
    Dieterlen [585], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719278
    Dieterlen [585], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719279
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [6908], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719248
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [7493], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719249
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [7456], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719250
    Lubke, R.A. [236], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719274
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719262
    s.coll. [28], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719263
    Werger, M.J.A. [1062], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719265
    Werger, M.J.A. [1067], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719266
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2679], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719275
    DuToit, P.C.V. [2276], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719276
    Ferreira, N.A. [F094], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719245
    Ferreira, N.A. [F086], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719246
    Goosseus, A.P. [844], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719247
    Galpin [6912], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719255
    Hobbs, E.A. [199], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719264
    Muller, D.B. [701], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719267
    Phillipson, P.B [4478], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719271
    Hepburn, I. [275], South Africa Pentaschistis setifolia K000719300

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 336 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0